National Heritage recovers a looted Bernini sculpture that went up for public sale in Barcelona | Culture | EUROtoday

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The allegorical figure of the Ganges, in the model of the 'Fountain of the Four Rivers', by Bernini, in the Gallery of the Royal Collections, in Madrid.
The allegorical determine of the Ganges, within the mannequin of the 'Fountain of the Four Rivers', by Bernini, within the Gallery of the Royal Collections, in Madrid.NATIONAL HERITAGE

National Heritage (PN) has recovered a small sculpture by the artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Naples, 1598-Rome, 1680) that personifies the Ganges River, looted and that had been put up on the market in an public sale home in Barcelona. A ruling from the Court of First Instance quantity 42 of the Catalan capital, dated May 20, which creates jurisprudence within the safety of Spanish heritage, has “reliably recognized the continued belonging” of this piece to “the inventories of royal collections that custody of National Heritage,” this establishment reported in an announcement.

The figurine, in mercury-gilded bronze, is a part of the sculpture Fountain of the 4 rivers, which is presently exhibited within the Gallery of the Royal Collections, in Madrid, particularly on the ground devoted to the Austrias, though with none of the small sculptures that symbolize them, all of which have disappeared. The one already categorised as Bernini sentence declares that the sculpture that represents the Ganges is “an indivisible part of the work as a whole,” the notice provides, which is why the Fine Arts Dealers firm, proprietor of the La Suite Subastas home, was ordered to ship the determine to Heritage. National, as has occurred.

The PN notice highlights that it’s the first time {that a} piece looted from the Royal Collections has been recovered by means of a “claim supported by technical reports” (a lawsuit in opposition to the possessor of a piece, however who isn’t its proprietor). A cheerful ending that had its start line in November 2021, when the Ministry of Culture and Sports, led by the socialist Miquel Iceta, situated the piece that was going to be auctioned after receiving experiences from National Heritage and the National Museum of Sculpture. , alerting of its identification and origin. The work was offered “under the name of Volcano and was described as belonging to the Italian school, possibly Florence, following the models of Pietro Simoni da Barga”, Italian sculptor. The worth set was between 2,000 and a couple of,400 euros.

At the top of that month, Culture declared the work unexportable in a precautionary method, “based on the Spanish Historical Heritage Law” of 1985, and notified the courts, “at which time the auction house withdrew the lot in the that the piece was included.”

The Historical Heritage Brigade of the National Police started investigations to seek out out your complete historical past of the sculpture, which had been bought from a person by a property emptying firm and which later handed by means of an vintage vendor, till it ended up on the public sale home. Barcelona. “As there was no documentation to support its origin, the Barcelona Court of Investigation was requested to transfer it to the Royal Palace of Madrid to examine it and determine its origin.”

In the foreground, the 'Fountain of the Four Rivers', without any of its four figurines, displayed in the Gallery of the Royal Collections.
In the foreground, the 'Fountain of the Four Rivers', with none of its 4 collectible figurines, displayed within the Gallery of the Royal Collections.NATIONAL HERITAGE

Once on the Royal Palace, technicians from the Directorate of the Royal Collections of National Heritage verified that the figurine “fit like a glove” in Bernini's work. Furthermore, the research revealed that the piece had the identical steel composition and shared the identical casting method because the Fountain of the 4 rivers. National Heritage explains that the primary time there’s point out of this work, which represents the fountain with obelisk present in Piazza Navona in Rome, was in 1688, as an ornamental piece within the workplace of the Spanish King Charles II, made by Bernini in bronze. solid and gilded between 1651 and 1665.

Bernini had made a number of fashions of this fountain, one among them was for a relative of the highly effective Pope Innocent “Given the good relations between the Pope and Philip IV, it is very likely that this work was a diplomatic gift. After being saved from the Alcázar fire in 1734, it was kept “in the mezzanines of the new Royal Palace awaiting restoration and destiny,” based on the 1773 stock, preserved within the General Archive of the Palace.

Four rivers have been represented within the work: the Nile in Africa, the Río de la Plata in America, the Danube in Europe and the Ganges in Asia. The final stock the place your complete piece appeared was on the finish of the nineteenth century. These allegorical figures later disappeared with none document of it. According to PN, the recovered one will be part of quickly.

Finally, after investigations by the National Police, “National Heritage, represented by the General State Attorney's Office, filed a lawsuit to say the belonging of the Bernini piece to the Royal Collections, arguing that the inalienable, non-seizable and imprescriptible nature of those belongings prevents their authorized alienation, as said within the National Heritage Regulatory Law of 1982.

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https://elpais.com/cultura/2024-06-20/patrimonio-nacional-recupera-una-escultura-expoliada-de-bernini-que-salio-a-subasta-en-barcelona.html