“The RN’s economic program offers a “package” to every phase of its citizens” | EUROtoday

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CNRS analysis fellow at Cevipof, the Political Research Center of Sciences Po, Gilles Ivaldi works on radical proper events and populism in Western Europe. He printed, particularly, Populism within the 2019 European elections. Ideological variety and electoral efficiency (Jean Jaurès Foundation, 2020).

Beyond the element of the financial and social measures offered by the National Rally (RN) in its program, how would you characterize the place of the economic system within the technique and political imaginative and prescient of this social gathering, and, traditionally, in that of the National Front (FN)?

Political scientists have coined the time period “catch-all” to designate the technique typically utilized by populist events to overcome and add up the votes of various segments of the citizens, and thus obtain energy – this, in fact, on the expense of any ideological or doctrinal coherence. When we look at intimately the successive applications of the FN, then the RN, for the reason that founding of the motion, we understand a everlasting oscillation alongside three main axes of rigidity: between the financial and the non-economic, between “right-wing” measures » and “left”, between radicality and credibility.

Historically, the FN has mobilized, like many far-right events in Europe, on a cultural “niche”: the protection of nationwide “identity” within the face of immigration. The economic system is secondary, for the social gathering as for its early citizens. But, in 2011, Marine Le Pen selected the financial and social as precedence areas: the FN should “walk on its two legs”, she stated. The 2012 program opens symbolically on the theme of buying energy. In that of 2022, three quarters of the measures are financial and social. For what ? Because it corresponds to the considerations of the social gathering's citizens. The triptych of the FN vote, “immigration-insecurity-unemployment”, initially outlined by my colleague Pascal Perrineau, subsequently advanced into “purchasing power-immigration-insecurity”.

Do the measures proposed by the FN, then the RN, relate to an ultraliberal agenda, as left-wing economists suspect, or to a demagogic agenda, as liberal economists denounce?

Over time, the social gathering has tailored its proposals to the financial state of affairs and the alternatives provided by successive crises – the monetary disaster of 2007-2008, the euro disaster of 2010-2013, the inflationary disaster since 2022 – , but in addition to the transformations of its citizens.

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