How North Korea is sending weapons to Russia for its warfare in Ukraine | EUROtoday

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Russian President Vladimir Putin and North Korean chief Kim Jong Un signed a mutual protection pact this week, vowing to “immediately provide military assistance” to the opposite within the case of an assault. The deal formalizes an association that has strengthened since Putin’s invasion of Ukraine: Munitions-hungry Moscow and cash-strapped Pyongyang, each underneath heavy worldwide sanctions, are very happy to do enterprise.

Two days earlier than the assembly, the U.S. State Department estimated that North Korea had equipped greater than 11,000 containers of munitions to Russia since September.

A brand new evaluation of inside Russian commerce information illuminates how shipments of suspected North Korean munitions have been distributed by means of Russia.

The information, obtained by the worldwide safety nonprofit C4ADS and offered to The Washington Post, covers shipments from August by means of January and exhibits that greater than 74,000 metric tons of explosives have been distributed from two ports in Russia’s Far East to 16 websites primarily alongside the nation’s western borders close to Ukraine. That weight is the same as about 1.6 million artillery shells of the kind Russia has used within the warfare.

According to C4ADS, the websites the products arrived at indicated they have been munitions, regardless of the documentation referring to them as explosives.

The information doesn’t embody the origin of the shipments, however an evaluation by The Post and C4ADS discovered proof of Russian ship actions between North Korea and Russia throughout the identical interval.

“This is the closest thing to proof of Russian-North Korean connection when it comes to munitions transfers, and this proves that the Russians and North Koreans were lying” in denying the transfers, stated Go Myong-hyun, senior analysis fellow at Seoul’s Institute for National Security Strategy, which is affiliated with South Korea’s intelligence company.

“It really gives more credibility to the fact that North Korea is helping Russia to conduct its war in Ukraine,” Go stated. “Unless we have photos, or the North Koreans say, ‘Look, we’ve been transferring shells to Russia,’ or something like that, this is the best we can get.”

Analysis of satellite tv for pc imagery and marine visitors information by The Post and C4ADS exhibits that Russian-flagged vessels linked to the nation’s army have been docked within the North Korea port of Rajin after which later on the Russian ports of Vostochny and Dunai. Most of the explosives departed to websites in Russia inside per week of arrival, in accordance with the info.

These vessels — the Lady R, the Angara, the Maria and the MAIA-1 — are owned by Russian corporations intently linked to the nation’s army. While it’s unimaginable to confirm precisely what the ships have been carrying, the United States and South Korea have beforehand publicly named the 4 vessels as concerned in transporting North Korean weapons to Russia primarily based on satellite tv for pc imagery and press studies.

The inflow of North Korean ammunition helped shift the warfare again in Russia’s favor, stated Michael Kofman, a senior fellow within the Russia and Eurasia Program on the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. It has been one of many “critical factors affecting the conduct of operations and who has the advantage in a war characterized by attrition,” Kofman stated.

The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), a British suppose tank that additionally makes use of satellite tv for pc imagery to observe actions between North Korea and Russia, noticed the identical patterns. The group discovered 27 shipments between the North Korean port of Rajin and the 2 Russian ports between roughly the identical interval, estimating that 1000’s of containers had been moved, though the contents of the containers stay unknown.

The shipments went to 16 websites throughout Russia, 12 of them close to identified ammunition storage services, in accordance with the commerce information, which C4ADS obtained from an individual with entry to documentation within the Russian transportation and logistics trade, whom The Post just isn’t figuring out as a consequence of security dangers. This indicated to specialists that these explosives have been more likely to be munitions.

The services close to the websites listed within the information are affiliated with artillery and rocket storage, and a few can retailer artillery and different armored automobile rounds, stated Dara Massicot, a senior fellow within the Russia and Eurasia Program on the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, who reviewed the findings on the request of The Post.

There additionally have been services that report back to the division inside Russia’s Ministry of Defense that oversees the procurement of weapons for the Russian army, generally known as GRAU, and people services sometimes retailer artillery rounds, rockets, missiles and plenty of different varieties of ammunition, Massicot stated.

“While we cannot be sure of what exactly they are delivering, the explosive labels … and delivery to storage bases near Ukraine and to sensitive GRAU ammunition storage facilities elsewhere across Russia, suggests these shipments are likely delivering a variety of ammunition types to Russia, from artillery rounds to rockets,” Massicot stated.

Satellite photos present seen adjustments at a number of of those websites. From September by means of December, containers appeared close to the ammunition depots. New protecting berms indicating expanded storage areas have been additionally seen at these websites.

“A massive buildup of berms, commonly used to isolate explosives, indicate the explosives are likely munitions,” stated Margaux Garcia, a Russia analyst at C4ADS. “Additionally, the fact that these shipments are traveling west toward the Russia-Ukraine border suggests that Russia intends to use these munitions in the war effort.”

More than 5 shipments have been additionally despatched to the JSC Voskresenskiy Agregatniy Zavod (VAZ) missile-assembly manufacturing unit, which is about 40 miles outdoors Moscow and has been sanctioned by the United States.

Russia, its munitions shares operating low in its warfare with Ukraine, has been counting on its few remaining allies for resupply, whereas remoted North Korea is all the time searching for methods to earn cash.

Shunned by the West over his invasion of Ukraine, Putin is searching for companions who share his anti-Western stance, together with China, Iran and North Korea. This week, Kim extolled the “firm alliance” with Moscow and brazenly backed Putin’s warfare in opposition to Ukraine — the strongest help for Russia’s invasion from any overseas chief.

Kim equally is going through rising financial sanctions and isolation due to his nuclear ambitions. He wants meals, gasoline, money and weapons know-how — all of which Russia can present.

Although it’s unclear what North Korea has obtained in return thus far, there are indications that Russian know-how was utilized in North Korea’s latest efforts to launch a spy satellite tv for pc into area, South Korean parliamentary intelligence committee member Yoo Sang-bum advised reporters final yr, citing the nation’s intelligence company.

More about this story: C4ADS discovered no proof that the Russian-flagged ships offloaded any cargo at Vostochny throughout December, and the commerce information didn’t file any explosives leaving the port that month, stated Andrew Boling, who manages analysis on state-sponsored threats within the maritime area at C4ADS.

The Post and C4ADS’s evaluation excluded ships not able to carrying munitions-filled containers and vessels arriving from Japan, South Korea or Taiwan, which have all sharply criticized Russia’s warfare in opposition to Ukraine. The evaluation dominated out vessels coming from China, as a result of there isn’t a accusation of Chinese munitions being utilized in Russia.

Michelle Ye Hee Lee reported from Seoul.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2024/06/22/russia-north-korea-military-deal-ukraine/