It’s Not Just AIPAC: How Jamaal Bowman Alienated Voters Who Once Supported Him | EUROtoday

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If the polling is correct, Rep. Jamaal Bowman is the heavy underdog in Tuesday’s Democratic major for New York’s sixteenth Congressional District.

The topline story of the race is, understandably, pro-Israel teams’ record-breaking spending in opposition to Bowman, a passionate pro-Palestinian advocate who has dubbed Israel’s invasion of Gaza a “genocide.” Super PACs backing Bowman’s challenger, Westchester County Executive George Latimer, have outspent pro-Bowman tremendous PACs on the airwaves by a 9-to-1 margin, serving to make it the costliest House major in historical past. The impartial spending arm of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee alone has spent $14.6 million on tv, digital and direct-mail commercials.

“They are so afraid of us — those who oppose the working class, multiracial, multieconomic, multicultural democracy that we are trying to build,” Bowman advised volunteers on the point of canvas the Bronx’s Co-Op City neighborhood on May 26. “They’re spending more money in this race than they have ever spent in the history of any race. That’s how afraid AIPAC is.”

It is inconceivable to foretell the outcomes of a counterfactual state of affairs the place Bowman didn’t face this sort of spending. But whereas he would have undoubtedly fared higher if he weren’t up in opposition to an avalanche of tremendous PAC cash, his issues predate the lopsided promoting blitz.

Bowman, 48, was trailing Latimer, 70, by 17 proportion factors in early April, earlier than promoting started, in response to a ballot commissioned by the Democratic Majority for Israel PAC, which is supporting Latimer. The mid-April inner ballot launched by Bowman’s marketing campaign, against this, had him up by one proportion level.

The Latimer marketing campaign’s personal inner polling in January, reviewed by HuffPost, was someplace in between these two surveys, displaying the county govt forward by 10 factors. Latimer was additionally extra in style in response to their very own polling, with 67% of district voters having a positive view of him and simply 12% having an unfavorable view, in contrast with 49% favorable and 38% unfavorable for Bowman. Bowman’s crew, for its half, highlighted voter help for a cease-fire within the area as proof that his positions stay in style. (Bowman referred to as for a cease-fire on Oct. 16.)

Bowman’s help within the district, which features a sliver of the northeastern Bronx and all of decrease Westchester County — a mixture of various working-class cities and leafy, prosperous suburbs — has been tenuous from the second he gained in 2020. His vote in opposition to the bipartisan infrastructure invoice in 2021 and his pulling of the hearth alarm in Congress this previous September additional undermined his standing with many moderate-to-liberal Democrats. Following the Hamas assault on Oct. 7, his shift away from an even-handed posture on Israel-Palestine towards a tough left-wing stance price him some progressive Jewish help and motivated present Jewish detractors to get extra lively in politics.

“I was always having to be his defender. And I could no longer defend his behavior.”

– Danielle Tagger-Epstein, former Bowman supporter and donor

“I was always having to be his defender,” mentioned Danielle Tagger-Epstein, chair of the Rye City Democratic Committee and a Bowman donor as not too long ago as January 2023. “And I could no longer defend his behavior.”

Before Oct. 7, Tagger-Epstein had been pissed off with Bowman’s failure to observe by on her efforts to rearrange conferences together with her rabbi and different Jewish pals, in addition to his July 2023 choice to not attend Israeli President Isaac Herzog’s speech to Congress. (Bowman cited Herzog’s failure to do extra to guard Palestinian human rights; nevertheless, critics word that Herzog is a figurehead moderately than a political chief.)

“After October 7, I couldn’t even look him in the face,” mentioned Tagger-Epstein, who can be lively in J Street, a liberal pro-Israel group.

All of these components created an surroundings the place Latimer, a 35-year veteran of suburban politics with a robust native base for help and a status as a detail-obsessed incrementalist, felt snug getting into the race with AIPAC’s help. Before any cash even hit the airwaves or mailboxes, the Latimer marketing campaign and allied teams used a gentle stream of opposition analysis about Bowman’s previous and current views — normal fare in any marketing campaign — to color him as a radical activist moderately than an efficient lawmaker.

“He’s really his own worst enemy,” added a J Street activist who requested anonymity to guard their relationship with Bowman within the occasion of his victory. The voter, who sees AIPAC as dangerous for each U.S. political integrity and Israel’s long-term pursuits, misplaced persistence with Bowman’s most anti-Israel feedback and stances after defending the congressman to the particular person’s coreligionists for thus a few years.

“He created alliances that shouldn’t be created. I shouldn’t be allying with an AIPAC candidate,” the J Street activist mentioned.

A New York Democratic strategist supportive of Bowman’s bid had the same evaluation.

“AIPAC was going to make a lot of noise regardless. He made it a lot easier. He became a bogeyman,” mentioned the strategist, who requested for anonymity for skilled causes. “I’m upset that AIPAC is going to get wins this cycle from people who had already written their death sentences for lots of other reasons.”

Bowman speaks at a rally in November convened by left-wing Jews calling for a cease-fire in Israel's war in Gaza. He is up against Westchester County Executive George Latimer in Tuesday’s Democratic primary for New York’s 16th Congressional District.
Bowman speaks at a rally in November convened by left-wing Jews calling for a cease-fire in Israel’s struggle in Gaza. He is up in opposition to Westchester County Executive George Latimer in Tuesday’s Democratic major for New York’s sixteenth Congressional District.

Celal Gunes/Anadolu/Getty Images

Out Of The Frying Pan And Into The Fire

Bowman, who was first elected in 2020, gained reelection simply in 2022. But he benefited significantly from his opponents’ lack of ability to unite behind a single challenger: Westchester County legislators Vedat Gashi and Catherine Parker, who each ran in opposition to him, break up the anti-Bowman vote.

As a consequence, his margin of victory obscured the simmering frustration with him amongst registered Democrats. Bowman would solely obtain 54% of the whole ballots solid.

It’s the form of skinny majority that may have served as a warning concerning the precariousness of his standing within the district.

But issues of political self-interest on the subject of Israel have been removed from Bowman’s thoughts at the beginning of his second time period. His journey to Israel in 2021 had really made him much less assured in Israeli leaders’ willingness to make the compromises essential to create a Palestinian state, main him to lean in to his pro-Palestinian convictions.

In addition to boycotting Herzog’s speech, Bowman co-sponsored Rep. Rashida Tlaib’s (D-Mich.) decision recognizing the “nakba,” or disaster, the Palestinian time period for the mass expulsion Jewish forces inflicted on them in the course of the creation of Israel. The decision rankled some native Jewish leaders as a result of it endorsed a proper of return for Palestinian refugees to Israel’s internationally acknowledged borders, which might make Jews a minority in Israel and which even its proponents admit would finish Israel as a particularly “Jewish” state.

That was all earlier than the present struggle. The Palestinian group Hamas’ lethal assault on Oct. 7 and Israel’s ferocious response within the eight months since have hardened views on both facet of the Israeli-Palestinian battle, together with for a lot of within the United States. In Westchester County, the place some 130,000 residents are Jewish — just a little over one-tenth of the inhabitants, who comprise a comparatively bigger share of the Democratic major voters — the worldwide state of affairs has added volatility to a difficulty the place Bowman already didn’t see eye to eye with many Jewish constituents.

On Oct. 7, the Hamas-led assault killed 1,100 Israelis, principally civilians, and captured 250 hostages. For the broad mainstream of pro-Israel U.S. Jews, the influence of the day has been lasting and radicalizing, conjuring recollections of anti-Jewish violence and persecution from the times of the Holocaust.

In response, Israel launched a army operation in Gaza, which has killed greater than 37,000 Palestinians, the vast majority of them civilians; laid waste to the constructed infrastructure of the area, displacing virtually all 2.1 million Gazans; and precipitated extreme shortages of meals and primary medical provides. For progressives and different Americans sympathetic to the Palestinian trigger, this has been a legal struggle of annihilation — the capstone of many years of oppression, together with ethnic cleaning in 1948, a army occupation of Palestinian lands since 1967 and a blockade of Gaza since 2007.

Bowman’s response to the violence was fast. He condemned Hamas’ “horrific attacks” in a written assertion on Oct. 7, blasted an Oct. 8 pro-Palestine rally the place contributors praised the Hamas assault, and later castigated an area chapter of the Black Lives Matter motion for lionizing the Hamas assailants.

But he’s decidedly among the many contingent of people that have been pushed to the left by Israel’s response to Oct. 7.

Unlike when he ran in 2020 and 2022, there may be now just about no daylight between Bowman and the activist left on the subject of Palestine. In late October final yr, Bowman declined to vote for a nonbinding decision condemning Hamas on the grounds it failed to deal with “the urgent need for de-escalation” amid rising Palestinian civilian casualties. Speaking at a pro-Palestinian rally in White Plains, New York, in November, he even referred to as allegations of sexual assault in the course of the Hamas assault unsubstantiated “propaganda.” Bowman repudiated these claims in late March when a video of his feedback emerged, however the quote has made it into AIPAC’s digital advertisements.

Bowman has additionally taken warmth from some Jewish voters for what many see as a scarcity of emotional sensitivity. Although he attended a rally for the victims of Oct. 7 in Washington and has met with the households of Israeli hostages, Jewish constituents observed Bowman’s absence on the quite a few local people vigils for the Israeli useless and hostages following Oct. 7, at the same time as he made impassioned appearances at pro-Palestine rallies.

For Diana Lovett, a mother and small enterprise proprietor from New Rochelle, New York, who voted for Bowman in 2020 and held a fundraiser for him in 2022, his absence on the varied native Oct. 7 vigils — there have been occasions all around the district — was a part of the rationale why she started to lose religion in him.

“There were many missed moments to be in community with and in solidarity with the Jewish community,” she mentioned.

Latimer, against this, was a featured speaker on the first vigil and introduced the home down together with his characterization of the struggle in opposition to Hamas as a battle of excellent versus evil. Many attendees got here as much as him in tears afterward, in response to a number of individuals who have been current.

“There are many Jews like me who understand the legacy of the civil rights era and the importance of not letting AIPAC distort our democracy.”

– Howard Horowitz, Bowman supporter

Bowman’s crew, nevertheless, mentioned he was discouraged from attending. When he reached out to the Westchester Jewish Council about attending the primary and largest community-wide vigil for victims of Oct. 7 at a synagogue in White Plains, the umbrella group’s CEO, Elliot Forchheimer, discouraged Bowman from attending, in response to a senior Bowman aide, who requested anonymity to talk freely. Forchheimer knowledgeable Bowman that he would doubtless be the one federally elected official there, that it was unclear how he could be obtained and that it will doubtless be higher for him to skip the occasion, the aide added.

Forchheimer didn’t reply to a number of requests for remark concerning the dialog.

“He got beaten up by the Jewish community so much when he was trying to work in good faith,” mentioned a progressive Jewish Democrat now supporting Latimer, who requested anonymity to guard group relationships. “Just like they were hostile to him, he was getting more and more hostile to the community.”

But Bowman retains a big core of help from progressive Jews affiliated with the left-wing group Jews for Racial and Economic Justice, which counts 500 members within the district, and Jewish Voice for Peace, a smaller group that’s explicitly anti-Zionist. In early June, JFREJ’s Jews for Jamaal initiative turned out about 100 individuals for a bagels occasion in Hastings-on-Hudson, a village in Westchester County, earlier than heading out to canvass the district.

These Jews see Bowman as a tribune of their Jewish dedication to social justice, from the development of Black civil rights to the safety of Palestinian human rights.

“There are many Jews like me who understand the legacy of the civil rights era and the importance of not letting AIPAC distort our democracy,” mentioned Howard Horowitz, a Bowman supporter and retired advertising and marketing govt from New Rochelle who’s lively in Jewish Voice for Peace. “I’m concerned about the future of the Jewish community and about their values.”

Iris Arno, a former college board member and local weather activist from Hastings-on-Hudson who’s lively in Jews for Jamaal, has been pissed off with the extent of rancor she’s witnessed towards Bowman from different Jews. She has seen Bowman indicators round city defaced, together with one the place an Israeli hostage poster was pasted over his face.

“Jamaal is unfairly called antisemitic. I would not support someone who is antisemitic,” she mentioned. “He is faulted for calling for a cease-fire early on, calling for humanitarian aid and being against the Netanyahu government, which I think many Jews are, both here and in Israel.”

Former Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), whom Bowman ousted, was a domestic liberal and uncritical Israel supporter.
Former Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), whom Bowman ousted, was a home liberal and uncritical Israel supporter.

Caroline Brehman/Getty Images

Navigating An Uneasy Relationship

Bowman’s challenges with the mainstream Jewish group date to his upset election win in 2020, however relations with the constituency have deteriorated since then.

Then-Rep. Eliot Engel, the three-decade Jewish incumbent Bowman unseated in 2020, was broadly in style with the district’s Jewish group. As chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Engel was each a home liberal and a staunch AIPAC ally who supported Israel uncritically.

“Engel was terrific. And Bowman was — he was OK. He was more J Street,” mentioned Carole Daman, a retired lawyer and AIPAC activist from New Rochelle who has by no means voted for Bowman however is mobilizing in opposition to him for the primary time. “But then, as time has gone on, he’s gotten more affiliated with Rashida Tlaib.”

Bowman took the problem of addressing Jewish distrust critically each earlier than and after his 2020 win. With the help and recommendation of JFREJ and its political arm, the Jewish Vote, Bowman cultivated a progressive Jewish constituency throughout his first marketing campaign. JFREJ pioneered an ad-hoc group, Jews for Jamaal, and helped Bowman craft an Israel-Palestine coverage platform that was directly genuine and worded to keep away from inflaming passions. On his marketing campaign web site’s detailed overseas coverage web page, he backed “U.S. aid to help Israel confront [its] security challenges,” but in addition opposed subsidizing “the continued occupation of the Palestinian people.”

Bowman additionally engaged even his extra conservative pro-Israel critics. He responded to an open letter criticizing him from Avi Weiss, a distinguished Modern Orthodox rabbi in a Bronx neighborhood later drawn out of the district, with an open letter of his personal. In it, Bowman laid out his help for a two-state answer and his opposition to the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions motion — which calls on Americans to divest from Israeli monetary pursuits to stress the Israeli authorities on its relations to Palestine — at the same time as he linked the problem of Palestinian life below Israeli occupation to the racism and police brutality Black Americans expertise.

“I know that we both have much to learn from each other’s experiences, and I hope that you may give me the chance,” he concluded.

Following Bowman’s 2020 victory, Mark Mellman, the Democratic pollster who based the Democratic Majority for Israel, conceded to HuffPost that Bowman’s cautious messaging and outreach to the Jewish group “did work to obfuscate the difference” between himself and Engel on Israel coverage.

Soon, Bowman would get reinforcements. J Street, which is supportive of elevated U.S. stress on the Jewish state to cease increasing settlements and violating Palestinian human rights, endorsed him forward of the 2020 common election.

In his first time period, Bowman’s voting report on Israel — and willingness to defy the socialist left — burnished his status amongst even some critics. Bowman’s go to to Israel with J Street in November 2021 notably price him the endorsement of the Democratic Socialists of America, which backs BDS and is anti-Zionist.

J Street endorsed Bowman’s reelection in 2022; the group’s tremendous PAC spent $100,000 on digital advertisements backing his bid.

“Now you have people without knowledge or real understanding blaming Jewish people for what Israel is doing, which is leading to the rise of antisemitism.”

– Rep. Jamaal Bowman (D-N.Y.)

J Street isn’t precisely a kingmaker in Westchester County. And the group, whose tremendous PAC has invested six-figure sums for different Democrats going through AIPAC barrages, has determined to not spend in Democratic major elections this cycle.

But whereas J Street was supporting Bowman, its activists acted as a volunteer fast response crew for him throughout the Westchester Jewish Council, the county’s influential umbrella group of synagogues and mainstream Jewish organizations (JFREJ isn’t affiliated with the group). J Street leaders publicly counseled him for supporting U.S. funding for the Iron Dome defensive know-how system and helped him draft responses to assaults from native rabbis and the Westchester Jewish Council.

However, two years later, issues look very completely different. By late January 2024, J Street had had sufficient of Bowman and withdrew its endorsement. The final straws for the group have been Bowman embracing the time period “genocide” to explain Israel’s conduct in Gaza and his reward for controversial anti-Israel scholar Norman Finkelstein at a rally in Yonkers, New York, the place Finkelstein had additionally appeared, in response to individuals aware of J Street’s pondering. (Bowman subsequently expressed remorse for praising Finkelstein, who initially likened the Oct. 7 assault to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising throughout WWII and mentioned it “warms every fiber of my soul.”)

Latimer now cites the rescinded endorsement as proof that Bowman is outdoors the mainstream.

“He said things like ‘genocide,’ ‘apartheid.’ That’s why J Street pulled their endorsement,” Latimer advised HuffPost in late May.

Bowman continues to sound much less and fewer like Israel’s progressive supporters — the sorts of people who find themselves favorable to robust measures like conditioning help but nonetheless ardently help the thought of a Jewish nation. In a current podcast interview, for instance, he characterised U.S. help for Israel as a gesture of solidarity for “another settler colonial project.”

Bowman has additionally reconciled with the Democratic Socialists of America. The group’s New York City chapter endorsed him in late May.

In audio of his May 25 endorsement interview, Bowman, for the primary time, expressed openness to embracing the BDS motion and promised to not vote to fund Iron Dome once more, saying he had solely completed so initially as a result of he didn’t need his “‘no’ vote to be misinterpreted as ‘I want Jews to be killed.’”

Learning what Bowman mentioned to the socialist group was “the absolute final straw for people who might have been in the middle,” mentioned the Jewish Democrat who now helps Latimer.

In an interview after his May 26 occasion in Co-Op City, HuffPost requested Bowman to make his case to progressive Jewish voters who may share his concern about Palestinian rights however are uncomfortable together with his strident rhetoric. He argued that his effort to power modifications in Israeli insurance policies would really assist scale back antisemitism within the United States.

“We haven’t had honest conversations about Israel being held accountable. And that’s why we are in this horrible place right now, because we’ve allowed Israel to continue to say they represent all of the Jewish people,” he mentioned. “Now you have people without knowledge or real understanding blaming Jewish people for what Israel is doing, which is leading to the rise of antisemitism.”

Westchester County Executive George Latimer entered the race with higher net favorability ratings than Bowman, according to polling commissioned by his campaign.
Westchester County Executive George Latimer entered the race with increased internet favorability scores than Bowman, in response to polling commissioned by his marketing campaign.

Ted Shaffrey/Associated Press

‘American Revolutions’ Vs. The ‘Real Guts’ Of Policy

Latimer’s marketing campaign literature and stump speech are plastered with the slogan “real progressive results, not rhetoric.”

Bowman highlighted his disagreement with this framing in the course of the first televised debate with Latimer on May 13, arguing in opposition to a zero-sum tradeoff.

“Rhetoric creates movements in grassroots organizing that leads to American revolutions! That is what we need in this moment,” Bowman declared. “We need rhetoric and results. We have both.”

But Bowman’s historical past of radical feedback — and one controversial vote particularly — have made his revolutionary imaginative and prescient a harder promote to some suburbanites.

Shortly after Latimer received into the race, detrimental tales about Bowman started popping up in mainstream information shops. As a center college principal, Bowman dabbled in 9/11 conspiracy theories and honored a convicted cop killer on the partitions of his college. It additionally emerged that Bowman had declined to sentence the inclusion of Louis Farrakhan, head of the Nation of Islam and a rabid antisemite, in a Black historical past mural within the district, at the same time as he clarified that he disagrees with Farrakhan’s antisemitism.

Likewise, Bowman has an affordable rationalization for his choice to vote in opposition to the bipartisan infrastructure framework invoice together with 5 different progressives. He needed to maintain stress on for a vote on the extra bold Build Back Better invoice. The latter invoice handed the House and stalled within the Senate, however turned the premise for the climate-focused Inflation Reduction Act.

Bowman noticed the distributional influence of the BIF invoice as insufficient, telling HuffPost, “91% of those BIF jobs go to white men. This is a majority minority district. Where’s our economic development program?”

But the symbolic vote in opposition to the BIF invoice has offered the only largest assault line for AIPAC to hammer him on.

“The things that [Bowman and other leftists] are voting against because they’re not getting everything they want, to me, sounds very much like children who are packing up their toys and going home,” mentioned Jim Metzger, an architect and photographer from Hastings-on-Hudson who supported Bowman in 2022. Metzger, who counts himself as a progressive Zionist deeply against the insurance policies of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, was additionally dissatisfied in Bowman’s response to the Oct. 7 assault and emotionally pleaded with Latimer to run after he spoke on the Hastings-on-Hudson Oct. 7 vigil.

As a chief govt obsessive about technocratic reforms, Latimer makes for a transparent foil to Bowman’s left-wing idealism. He loves discussing what he calls the “real guts” of policymaking — understanding, for instance, easy methods to convey branches of presidency collectively to improve the county’s electrical car charging community or which federal Housing and Urban Development officers to prevail upon for a brand new inexpensive housing grant.

Given Latimer’s concentrate on such particulars, HuffPost requested for his overarching coverage imaginative and prescient. He argued his obsession with incrementalism and correct implementation are the solutions to Donald Trump’s strongman idea of governance — the world of “I alone can fix it.”

“We say to people, ‘Don’t give all the power to one person. We in democracy can still solve problems. It takes time, but we can show you how to get real results,’” Latimer mentioned.

Westchester County Executive George Latimer has cast himself as an incrementalist policy wonk. He has also played to fears about Bowman's appeal among voters of color.
Westchester County Executive George Latimer has solid himself as an incrementalist coverage wonk. He has additionally performed to fears about Bowman’s enchantment amongst voters of coloration.

Ted Shaffrey/Associated Press

Latimer Moves Right — And Gets Ugly

Of course, AIPAC’s intervention has been important to Latimer’s candidacy. While the group’s largesse has amplified a real grassroots revolt in opposition to Bowman on this case, there isn’t a doubt its injection of thousands and thousands of {dollars} into congressional primaries has helped restrict the scope of debate about Israel. Any lawmaker excited by, for instance, imposing stricter circumstances on U.S. help to Israel dangers going through a deluge of pro-Israel cash.

While Bowman has shifted left on world points, Latimer, who insists his pragmatic fashion is “progressive,” has shifted proper over the course of the race as he seeks to vacuum up each final anti-Bowman vote. He has mentioned he opposes tax will increase of any variety, a stance that might put him at odds with President Joe Biden, who desires to undo a number of the Trump tax cuts for the rich and massive companies.

While chatting with HuffPost, Latimer turned defensive when pressed to reply for his alliance with AIPAC, which, as a single-issue group, additionally endorsed dozens of House Republicans who objected to certifying the 2020 election outcomes.

“I have what I consider a mainstream position on Israel,” he mentioned. “Most House Democrats feel what I feel.”

What are Latimer’s “mainstream” views? He holds Israel’s Arab neighbors and Palestinian negotiating companions virtually completely answerable for the Palestinian failure to acquire statehood and freedom from occupation, the problem that is still on the coronary heart of the regional violence.

“Now you have a very conservative Israel government — how shocked am I at that? The progressive Israeli governments never got enough cooperation to move forward.”

– George Latimer, Westchester County Executive

“The Israeli effort to find a dance partner in the Arab world has been hard to find — ’67 war, ’73 War, intifada,” Latimer mentioned. “Now you have a very conservative Israel government — how shocked am I at that? The progressive Israeli governments never got enough cooperation to move forward.”

When HuffPost tried to interject a query about whether or not it would nonetheless have been inadvisable for consecutive Israeli governments to constantly construct Jewish settlements on conquered land it supposedly needed to surrender in a peace deal, Latimer refused to have interaction with the premise.

“You’re changing the argument,” he mentioned. “To get to the two-state solution, you need confidence that you have a dance partner that will work with you. Hamas is not a dance partner.”

But Hamas isn’t in energy within the West Bank, the bigger of the 2 Palestinian territories. The Palestinian Authority, the nominal governing physique there, has largely cooperated with Israel’s safety equipment at nice political expense, with no development towards statehood to point out for its efforts. One may say the Palestinian Authority doesn’t have a dance companion.

Pressed on whether or not he helps Biden’s choice to pause a cargo of two,000-pound bombs to Israel, Latimer repeatedly refused to say, insisting as a substitute that House members mustn’t weigh in on particular person presidential choices.

“I support President Biden in his efforts,” Latimer mentioned.

Latimer’s defensiveness about his report has typically spilled over into racist fear-mongering about Bowman’s platform or base of help. In a June 10 debate hosted by the League of Women Voters, Latimer tied Bowman to Dearborn, Michigan, a hub of Arab Americans that has not been a big supply of donations to Bowman’s marketing campaign.

“Your constituency is Dearborn, Michigan. Your constituency is San Francisco, California,” he mentioned. “It’s not Harrison. It’s not Tuckahoe. It’s not Scarsdale.”

The Jewish Democrat who now helps Latimer hopes the county govt might be open to extra progressive views about Israel-Palestine coverage as soon as he’s in workplace.

“He could have put some light between himself and the AIPAC crowd, and he wouldn’t have lost five votes,” the Jewish Democrat mentioned.


https://www.huffpost.com/entry/jamaal-bowman-not-just-aipac-money_n_6677291fe4b0fdfa60647614