A research proposes hourly sick depart to fight the rise of momentary disabilities in Spain | Economy | EUROtoday

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Traditional tutorial considering establishes that the truth that a employee will not be afraid of taking sick depart demonstrates his place of energy, in addition to that of the labor market to which he belongs. However, when many individuals are absent (and more and more extra steadily), the system's healthcare prices develop and the functioning of corporations suffers. To attempt to keep stability—each private and non-private accounts—the answer is to reconfigure the framework of momentary incapacity advantages and promote new formulation that open the door, for instance, to partiality. This is among the reflections of the research Temporary incapacity, absent within the paperwork on the reform of the pension systemready by Octavio Granado, former Secretary of State for Social Security, and which was introduced this Monday inside the convention on the general public pension and social safety system organized by Fedea.

The one who was some of the essential figures when it comes to financial system and employment inside the socialist governments of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (2004-2011) and Pedro Sánchez (he held the Secretary of State from 2018 to 2020), considers in his work that The rethinking of the momentary incapacity profit has incomprehensibly remained on the sidelines of the varied pension reforms—and the tutorial debate—since 2007. And this regardless of being one of many key sections, whereas its financial results can situation the great functioning of the general public system: “It cannot be more attractive to be outside of work activity than inside it,” he laments.

“Temporary Disability (TI) in Spain has not stopped growing rapidly in recent years, faithful to the general bias that inexorably relates the growth of benefit demands with the moments in which the labor market has an expansive behavior,” says Granado. “The ability of employers to pressure employees is less, and they can take better care of their health, according to the union explanation,” he provides. But he instantly provides that, “in the business explanation, a labor market in which it is more difficult to meet the demands for jobs makes the growth of abuses possible.”

To emphasize the significance of addressing this concern, and produce nearer the financial actuality behind the rise of casualties, the creator attracts on the funds settlements of the Social Security system for 2018 and 2023, from the Financial Economic Report hooked up to the Security Budgets Social for 2023, from the experiences of the Mutua Umivale Activa, and the Report on Temporary Disability resulting from Common Contingencies revealed by the Association of Social Security Collaborating Mutual Insurance Companies (AMAT).

From the outcomes of the Umivale Activa evaluation, Granado emphasizes that the price of IT, together with the price of absences and substitutions for corporations, in addition to system advantages, represents 1.4% of GDP. Using Social Security knowledge, it additionally exhibits that between 2018 and 2023, IT spending for frequent diseases grew by 91.61%, whereas spending for skilled contingencies elevated by 53.17%. A distinction that he attributes to the truth that within the case {of professional} contingencies, “the practically absolute management of the benefit by the mutual insurance companies is decisive” to hold out a extra environment friendly therapy.

Reconfiguration

One of the purposeful sections of the research is the one which addresses the reconfiguration of casualties, each of their designation as such, and of their protection of the affected individual. “We must, therefore, modify the legal regulation of temporary disability by opening up the possibility that in some specific situations and moments the situation, or even from the global recognition of it, and therefore of the benefit, does not imply the cessation of the entire working day, but rather a conversion from a full day to a partial day, giving a new meaning to the partial disability that already exists in our legal system,” says Granado.

In his opinion, “the configuration of the benefit should be carried out on the basis that if there is no chronic illness, the multiplication of temporary disability situations should mean a decrease in the amount received.” In the identical method, the previous Secretary of State defends that “the regulations, therefore, should incorporate the right of companies to be compensated when employees must endure long waiting periods in public health services and Mutual Insurance Companies can offer in shorter time the same benefits.”

Despite this need to rework profit protection, Granado defends in his work that the laws “should prioritize in all cases the right to relocation, with exit from the labor market being the last solution to be applied.” And this, “not only in cases of work accidents, occupational illnesses or occupational diseases, but in any illness in which there is no suspicion of negligent behavior by the affected person.”

Aware that finishing up these modifications may very well be a pipe dream when it comes to the acceptance of all of the events concerned, Granado, within the conclusions part of the research, signifies that “all the measures that are implemented do not require a social agreement, “But neither can they imply the refusal of the Administration to act by adequately regulating the problem, due to the fallacious understanding that the abuse of temporary disability is a compensation for other alleged abuses in labor relations.” And he adds: “Measures must be adopted that are not subject to repeal when political alternations occur, or the practical impossibility of developing them due to the opposition of employers or employees.”

To conclude, Granado emphasizes the necessity to “generate a culture that recognizes that the state of health and the ability to work must complement each other, and that generating conditions and work hours that reduce the health of employees is as negative as simulating or exaggerating health disorders to escape these conditions and days.”

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https://elpais.com/economia/2024-06-24/un-estudio-propone-bajas-por-horas-para-combatir-el-auge-de-las-incapacidades-temporales-en-espana.html