The RN program, a “firmness” displayed in opposition to the check of legislation and price range | EUROtoday

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Jordan Bardella in Chuelles (Loiret), June 14, 2024.

Police, justice, immigration: for these three central themes within the doctrine of the National Rally, Jordan Bardella, the president of the far-right social gathering, remained, throughout the presentation of his program for the legislative elections, on the historic fundamentals of its coaching, emphasizing the “firmness” and repression.

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On justice, a program with out surprises

Concerning the justice facet, the Bardella line doesn’t stand out for its originality, even taking over sure tasks already put in place by the outgoing authorities. This issues, particularly, the development “prison places that France needs”. However, a serious plan to construct 15,000 new jail locations by 2027 has already been applied since 2017 – 4,500 shall be constructed by the tip of 2024.

Likewise, the reform of juvenile justice defended by the MEP has an air of déjà vu. The elected frontist highlights “the possibility of immediate appearance” ; measure proposed by Prime Minister Gabriel Attal in April.

As for the reducing of the felony majority (age from which one is judged as an grownup and now not based on the principles particular to minors) to 16 years, it’s an outdated sea serpent of the proper and the intense RIGHT. Problem: this proposal may be very imprecise for the reason that Penal Code states that what counts is the discernment of the minor concerned. In addition, the juvenile felony justice code, applied in 2021, states that “Minors under the age of thirteen are presumed not to be capable of discernment. Minors aged at least thirteen are presumed to be capable of discernment”. Finally, the minority excuse (minors have a sentence halved in comparison with that of adults) is definitely obligatory between 13 and 16 years of age, however judges can waive it between 16 and 18 years of age. Thus, reducing the felony majority to 16 years appears to be solely a publicity impact.

Furthermore, aligning minors' felony legislation with frequent legislation may remove the precept of autonomy of minors' felony legislation (a extra protecting process, tailored justice, delivered in specialised jurisdictions) which is a constitutional precept and which is assured by the International Convention on the Rights of the Child of November 20, 1989.

Mr. Bardella additionally proposes the institution of “lower sentences”. Measure which already existed underneath the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy, in 2007, “to fight against recidivism”earlier than being abolished underneath the socialist François Hollande, in 2012. The outcomes had been greater than blended: based on a examine by the Institute of Public Policies launched in March, the legislation “did not have a deterrent effect in the short term” and, above all, this mechanism induces “a sharp increase in prison sentences” for the defendants involved, with “firm sentences 50% higher, suspended sentences with probation 3 times higher”. The precept of minimal punishment – ​​due to this fact not adjustable – for sure crimes and misdemeanors dangers, furthermore, worsening the state of affairs of French prisons, already overcrowded (77,647 prisoners in 1er May, i.e. an total jail density of 125.3%), identical to Mr. Bardella's need to restrict “the possibility of adjustments and sentence reductions, in particular for attacks on persons”.

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https://www.lemonde.fr/politique/article/2024/06/24/le-programme-du-rn-une-fermete-affichee-a-l-epreuve-du-droit-et-du-budget_6243446_823448.html