From Napoleon to Macron… Betraying the Head of State, a French custom | EUROtoday

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“QHow a lot baseness and cowardice there’s within the generals of the empire! » exclaims Stendhal, probably the most republican and probably the most Napoleonic of French writers. He was referring to the spirit of betrayal which had seized the entourage of the winner of Austerlitz on the finish of his reign. Emmanuel Macron experiences an implacable legislation of historical past which strikes people who’ve conquered energy alone or virtually: being betrayed with all of the extra leisure as a result of they finish as they started, alone.

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People by no means forgive you for serving to them. Ministers, collaborators, advisors of the President of the Republic are executing, with roughly hindsight, a slight motion of withdrawal. The motion is rising and the factor is changing into apparent: Emmanuel Macron is deserted by those that owe him the whole lot, except just a few courageous individuals. This doesn't value a lot. His energy and his celebration rely on his particular person, therefore the convenience with which yesterday's oaths will be renounced at present. It is much less a query of pitying the president, most likely the final one shocked, than of the disgust aroused by this habits with out braveness or the Aristocracy. Knowing learn how to win can be realizing learn how to lose. And it’s a part of France's character to have the ability to react with the identical panache to each circumstances.

The present will not be new. Napoleon created a style that has turn into an archetype of the Republic, that of the triumphant particular person, relying solely on himself, who, by his abilities, his advantage, his vitality and his audacity, makes a technology of politicians out of date and wins a individuals in a typically irrational journey. Bonaparte was, on common and we overlook, ten years youthful than the technology of conventionalists and Thermidorians. In quick, he reformed the Republic to extravagant proportions; the France of the Consulate remains to be at present the one on which we stroll. Which is not going to stop him, fifteen years later, from sinking into hubris.

Withdrawal into oneself

By dint of doing the whole lot himself, having gained virtually all his bets on future, Napoleon ended up now not listening to anybody, ignoring the obvious manifestations of his unpopularity. This hero who got here into existence by conflict was to perish by it. This was the case after the French marketing campaign (1814), honorable however nonetheless deadly. At the Château de Fontainebleau, earlier than his first abdication, he witnessed the pathetic comedy of pessimism, of defeatism, which all the time precedes betrayal. From his marshals, after all, however not solely. The Senate, the meeting which had made the empire, each the armed arm of the regime and guarantor of the Constitution by which Napoleon had been designated emperor, was going to ship the demise blow.

1er April 1814, Paris is occupied by overseas powers, who discover a super ally, Talleyrand, former minister of the Emperor, who types a provisional authorities underneath his path. The goal was to save lots of France, after all, however, even when it means saving the homeland, why not take the chance to save lots of your self? The new authorities was to draft a Constitution wherein senators would have a number one function. They met the Tsar, who should have been very convincing since they instantly declared the forfeiture of Napoleon and the empire, counting on authorized arguments that have been after all unstoppable and basing their selections on the mission that was theirs: to guard the Constitution. Napoleon having sworn on the day of his coronation to protect freedom, safety and the values ​​of 1789, nicely, he now not did that, what would you like? The Emperor had waged conflict unreasonably, it’s a truth, however the conscriptions of males important to his “madness” had been approved by this identical Senate as late as the autumn of 1813… In quick, the senators let go of the person to whom they owed their profession and fortune, and pushed their insolence to the purpose of proposing to King Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI, to “freely” return to Paris to recuperate his throne. With republicans like that, there isn’t any want for royalists. All benefited from preferential remedy in the course of the Restoration. As for Napoleon, he left for the island of Elba, his first exile.

France has the faults of its qualities: there’s solely a profitable political journey over the centuries that’s private. This equation results in triumphs, but additionally, and as if by the identical motion, to probably the most spectacular declines. The beloved one is deserted as quickly as his aura is tarnished. This is the wonder and distress of the prophetic logic to which the group of energy responds. Emmanuel Macron is confronted with it at present for the reason that sequence of occasions is popping in opposition to him. No matter the faults, the errors, the obstinacy and even the future of the President of the Republic, he belongs to the class of those that do, and never those that comply with, who pierce life ignoring the bullets, satisfied of what wounds are the situation for achievement, that we generally stand up and that we by no means die when we’ve taken the chance of life.


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