The PSOE now endorses the cancellation of the National Bullfighting Award promoted by Sumar | Spain | EUROtoday

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Spanish bullfighter Julián López, 'El Juli', the last winner to date of the National Bullfighting Award, abolished in 2024, during a bullfight in Manizales, Colombia, on February 8, 2023.
Spanish bullfighter Julián López, 'El Juli', final winner so far of the National Bullfighting Prize, abolished in 2024, throughout a bullfight in Manizales, Colombia, on February 8, 2023.Jhon Jairo Bonilla (EFE)

The first time the bull arrived, the PSOE stood in profile. He let it cross, with a throw. But, at this time, Wednesday, he has determined to seize it by the horns: the socialists have voted in opposition to a non-law proposal (PNL) promoted by the PP to “recover the National Bullfighting Award and maintain it” sooner or later. Faced with an analogous movement, a month in the past, within the Senate, they’d abstained. The ambiguity of then has develop into clear at this time: that’s, they aren’t in favor of urging the Government that they themselves result in rescue the award, because the conservative opposition and the whole sector intend. And, due to this fact, they help the cancellation of the popularity, which was carried out two months in the past by the Ministry of Culture, led by Sumar, their companion within the progressive Executive. What brings the 2 allies collectively, weakened by the deadlock political – for example, it was solely the second holding of a Culture Commission to date this time period – and the victory of the fitting within the latest European elections. And, on the identical time, he dealt a blow to bullfighting itself: NLP was rejected.

In some methods, the controversy confirmed what it means to speak about bulls. There have been references to Unamuno and Carlos III, to the nervous system of mammals and to the ranchers of the combating bull as the best caretakers and specialists of the animals. Pain, struggling and cruelty have been additionally talked about. The PP spokesperson, Eduardo Hermoso, launched the panorama. From his perspective, sure. He positioned Sumar in “ideological sectarianism.” And on the alternative aspect, his occasion, liable for an NLP that they’d have appreciated to “not have to bring.” He added: “The question is where the socialist party stands. We don't know their position, but they are masters at bullfighting their voters.”

Indeed, Maribel García López, from the PSOE, pulled out a juggling act: she defended the “great enthusiasm” but in addition “the great concern for the treatment of animals”; she highlighted the inventive and financial worth of the sector, recalled the bullfighting custom of her occasion and, on the identical time, claimed the “love of flora and fauna”. “The worst thing that can happen to bullfighting is political manipulation. We will continue to defend that all legally protected cultural events can be consumed by those who wish. The key is respect”, she added. In the vote, she was left with no extra nuances: they mentioned “no”.

Thus the (pen)final controversy about bullfighting was closed. Waiting for the following one to open. All since, originally of May, the Minister of Culture, Ernest Urtasun, suppressed the decision for this yr's award, endowed with 30,000 euros. And he introduced that he had initiated the procedures for its definitive annulment. “People understand less and less that animal torture is practiced and that prizes are dedicated to it,” Urtasun argued. The promise to “repeal the cultural and heritage protection of bullfighting” already appeared within the electoral program of Sumar, the formation led by Yolanda Díaz from which the minister comes. To which his division, originally of May, added: “The ministry's next actions will continue along the same lines.”

Since then, whether or not paradoxically or deliberately, bulls have been positioned on the heart of the political debate in a method unprecedented lately. Neither the Government settlement between PSOE and Sumar—past selling “the protection and well-being of animals”—nor the PP's newest electoral program included any point out of bullfighting. Now, nevertheless, everyone seems to be speaking about her. Some, sure, have a clearer place than others.

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The elimination of the National Prize was one of many three particular causes (together with the popularity of the Palestinian State and the rise within the minimal interprofessional wage) that Sumar's spokesman Íñigo Errejón alleged, when asking for the vote for his occasion within the European elections. The Popular Party, however, gathered representatives of associations from all international locations with bullfighting exercise in Congress originally of May. They responded that “more seats were sold in Las Ventas at the last San Isidro Fair than Sumar had votes in the European elections.” And they assumed, since Urtasun's announcement, the protection of bullfighting as a key pillar of Spanish tradition and id, identical to the intense proper of Vox.

'No tickets' sign, during the latest edition of the San Isidro Fair in Madrid.
'No tickets' signal, throughout the newest version of the San Isidro Fair in Madrid.Marshal Efe

So a lot in order that on May 29 the PP handed within the Senate – then with the abstention of the PSOE – a movement virtually an identical to the PNL introduced at this time in Congress. “Not only do we respect bullfighting, but, as legally stated in the legal system, we are going to continue helping and maintaining it,” the socialist spokesperson, Alfonso Moscoso, then tried to make clear concerning the ambiguous place of his group. Meanwhile, Autonomous Communities ruled by the favored ones, similar to Valencia or Extremadura, have proposed the creation of recent parallel awards.

The PNL textual content highlights that there are already bullfighting awards in Andalusia, Madrid, La Rioja, Murcia or Castilla-La Mancha, whose president, the socialist Emiliano García-Page, positioned himself from the primary second in opposition to the cancellation of recognition. In a latest vote within the Cortes of Castilla y León, the socialist group additionally supported a PP movement in favor of sustaining the National Bullfighting Championship.

After all, it was exactly a socialist Executive, led by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, who established the award in 2011. The first version was delivered to Paco Ojeda in 2013, already beneath a Popular Government. The identical ones who promoted legislation 18/2013, which protected bullfighting, by recognizing it as “intangible cultural heritage” and ordering the State to guard, custody and advertise. Even so, Cultura recalled in its announcement in May that bullfights are not held within the Canary Islands or Catalonia. And in Galicia, Asturias, the Balearic Islands, Melilla, Cantabria or La Rioja they’re virtually non-existent.

Culture Minister and Sumar spokesperson Ernest Urtasun on June 16 in Madrid.
The Minister of Culture and spokesperson for Sumar, Ernest Urtasun, on June 16 in Madrid.
Marshal (EFE)

At the identical time, since this commotion started, the primary gala’s are detecting a rise in spectators. However, a preferred invoice, admitted for processing by Congress, seeks to benefit from so many focuses and controversies in precisely the other way: it requires repealing the cultural heritage standing of bullfighting. Its promoters have till November to gather 500,000 signatures and, due to this fact, drive deputies to debate and vote on it. At the second, they haven’t offered provisional figures on their progress.

Numbers struggle

Other numbers can be found to gasoline the dialogue. Most of them come from the identical doc, the Statistics Yearbook printed by the Ministry of Culture. Each aspect, curiously, chooses the information that fits it and omits others. Thus, Culture highlighted that just one.9% of the inhabitants had attended a bullfighting celebration within the final yr within the 2021-2022 interval, in comparison with 8% within the earlier survey. Although it’s hanging, opposite to the stereotype, that probably the most focused age group is 25-34 years outdated, with 2.4%. The ministry, in any case, additionally highlighted that the celebrations have decreased within the final decade to 1,546 in 2022.

The PP's personal PNL, nevertheless, takes benefit of that very same determine within the reverse method: it represented a rise in celebrations of 8.5% in comparison with 2019, that’s, the newest information from the pre-Covid period. The report additionally reveals fixed development since 2018 within the variety of professionals within the sector, as much as 10,554. 97.4%, sure, are males. The variety of bullfighting livestock firms, however, has remained virtually an identical within the final 5 years: there have been 1,331 in 2022.

For now, Julián López, The Juli, stays the final winner of the National Bullfighting Award, final yr. He was a really emotional tribute: the right-hander was retiring. The award could observe the identical path. The process, nevertheless, shouldn’t be over but.

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