an undecided presidential election between two conservatives and a reformer | EUROtoday

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Qui to succeed Ebrahim Raïssi? Five weeks after the president's loss of life in a helicopter crash, Iranians are referred to as to the polls this Friday. Four candidates stay within the operating however solely three have an actual likelihood: two “principalists”, the ultra-conservative Saïd Jalili and the conservative Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, may divide the votes, and the reformer Massoud Pezeshkian hopes to make the most of it like Hassan Rouhani in 2013. Whoever wins, no radical change is anticipated, with energy remaining primarily within the arms of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Saïd Jalili, the ultraconservative

At 58, Saïd Jalili is taken into account an ultraconservative hostile to rapprochement with Western nations. Born September 6, 1965 in Mashhad (north-east), he is without doubt one of the two representatives of the supreme chief, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, to the Supreme National Security Council.

READ ALSO Joe Biden spares Iran… and annoys FranceA veteran of the Iran-Iraq conflict throughout which he had a foot amputated, this diplomat led negotiations on Iranian nuclear energy from 2007 to 2013, displaying an rigid picture in the direction of the West. He then denounced the nuclear settlement concluded in 2015 underneath the presidency of Hassan Rouhani. He ran unsuccessfully for the 2013 presidential election earlier than withdrawing from the race by supporting Ebrahim Raïssi within the 2017 election.

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, the pragmatic conservative

At 62 years outdated, Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf is without doubt one of the best-known Iranian politicians. Born on September 23, 1961 close to Mashhad (north-east), this conservative has presided over Parliament since 2020, a place to which he was just lately re-elected after the legislative elections in March. Pragmatic, he says he is able to negotiate a discount in financial sanctions from which the inhabitants is struggling severely.

This former mayor of Tehran between 2005 and 2017 has already tried the presidential election thrice: in 2005, in 2013, the place he completed second, then in 2017, the place he withdrew to assist Ebrahim Raïssi. Before his political profession, Ghalibaf served within the Revolutionary Guard Corps, the ideological military of the Islamic Republic, notably in the course of the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988). In 1997, he was appointed by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to move the Guardian air power, then in 2000 head of legislation enforcement.

Massoud Pezeshkian, the reformer

At 69, Massoud Pezeshkian is the oldest of the candidates and the one one to characterize the reformist present. Born on September 29, 1954 and of Azeri origin, this surgeon represents Tabriz, the big metropolis within the northwest, in Parliament. He was Minister of Health underneath the presidency of the reformer Mohmmad Khatami (2001 – 2005). Known for his frankness, he was disqualified from the 2021 presidential election.

READ ALSO Iranian suspected of spying in France: “I fear his arrest is political” Backed by Rouhani and former Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Pezeshkian desires to revive the 2015 nuclear deal and heat relations with the West. The father, who misplaced his spouse and one among his kids in a automobile accident in 1993, has sometimes criticized the crackdown on protesters with out going as far as to defend them.

Mostafa Pourmohammadi, the spiritual man

Mostafa Pourmohammadi, 64, is the one spiritual candidate within the presidential election. Considered a conservative, this veteran of Iranian politics, born on December 23, 1959 within the holy metropolis of Qom, was a revolutionary prosecutor earlier than occupying positions within the Ministry of Intelligence after which turning into Minister of the Interior underneath Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (2005-2008) and Minister of Justice in the course of the presidency of Hassan Rohani between 2013 and 2017. He is much behind the opposite three within the polls. Two different conservative candidates withdrew on the final second, calling for a consolidation of their camp.

If nobody reaches the 50% mark, which is probably going, a runoff between the 2 main candidates – most likely Pezeshkian and Ghalibaf or Jalili – will happen on July 5.


https://www.lepoint.fr/monde/iran-une-presidentielle-indecise-entre-deux-conservateurs-et-un-reformateur-27-06-2024-2564173_24.php