“The crisis situation has led to a regression in parity” | EUROtoday

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Catherine Achin, professor of political science at Paris-Dauphine University, is the creator, with Sandrine Levêque, of Women in politics (The Discovery, 2006). She directed, with Laure Bereni, the Gender & Political Science Dictionary (Presses de Sciences Po, 2013).

Are girls as properly represented as males among the many candidates within the legislative elections of June 30 and July 7?

This 12 months, the feminization of candidates is down in comparison with the 2022 legislative elections: there are solely 41% girls, in comparison with 44.2% two years in the past. This determine takes us again seventeen years: it was the share noticed through the 2007 legislative elections. This decline is undoubtedly the results of the haste linked to the dissolution: the events, which had barely every week to file their purposes, have returned to their previous reflexes. The disaster state of affairs has led to a decline in parity.

Who are the great and unhealthy performers this 12 months by way of gender equality?

There is certainly an ideal disparity between political events. The good college students of parity are the left-wing events: La France insoumise invested 50% girls, Europe Ecologie-Les Verts 49%, the Socialist Party [PS] and the French Communist Party 45%. Renaissance, which this 12 months has 51% girls, and the National Rally [RN]which invested 47%, have additionally positioned themselves in parity logic.

Read additionally | 2024 Legislative Elections: Are Women Invested within the Least Favorable Constituencies?

The unhealthy college students, in the present day as yesterday, are the right-wing events: The Republicans [LR] have solely 31% feminine candidates, the Union of Democrats and Independents 32% – so we’re very removed from parity. As for the “friends of Eric Ciotti”, they’re primarily males: this label solely considerations eleven girls out of fifty-nine candidates (18.6%)! In the legislative elections, LR, which incorporates many native notables, systematically circumvents parity.

What are the sanctions within the occasion of non-compliance with the parity precept?

Following the constitutional revision of 1999, the regulation of 6 June 2000 launched restrictive measures for elections utilizing proportional illustration: the lists should now embrace, in alternation, as many ladies as males – that is the case in European and regional elections. For legislative elections, that are held utilizing single-member constituencies, parity is extra complicated to implement, since there is just one candidate per occasion in every constituency: the regulation subsequently supplies for “incentive” measures.

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