“Republican Front” in “Le Monde”, an more and more cracked barrier in opposition to the acute proper | EUROtoday

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Pierre Mendès France (left), leader of the Radical Party, and Guy Mollet (right), socialist general secretary of the SFIO, make a statement after meeting for lunch at Gaston Defferre's, on January 5, 1956 in Paris, to discuss the recent legislative elections won by the Republican Front.

HAS With the early legislative elections approaching, will the “Republican Front”, or what’s left of it, have the ability to stem the rise of the National Rally within the second spherical scheduled for July 7? Nothing appears much less sure, because the far-right social gathering, the clear winner of the European elections on June 9, is hovering at unprecedented heights within the polls.

The tripartite division of political life and its violent battles complicate the prospect of an efficient barrier in opposition to the RN. “The head of state is targeting the left, which he hopes to overtake in the first round in order to then face the RN, summarized The world on the front page, Friday June 21. The back-to-back dismissal of the New Popular Front and the extreme right weakens the hypothesis of a republican front in the second round.

Monday June 24, Marine Tondelier, national secretary of the Ecologists, still announced that the candidates of her party who came third would withdraw “to beat the far proper.” She wishes “the same clarity of all the political forces which call themselves republican”. The next day, in a tribune at World, More than two hundred and twenty personalities – mostly from the left and a few Macronists – are calling for an agreement to withdraw from the RN.

A minority union

The expression “Republican Front” appears for the first time in the columns of the World August 29, 1945 – with a capital letter. It then takes on a completely different meaning. The newspaper announces the creation, in Lille, of a “new political grouping”with the vast program of bringing together “all French men and women whose first concern and firm will are to restore freedom in all areas as soon as possible” : “This motion will take the identify of Republican and Social Front”. The experience fizzled out.

In the 1950s, the “Republican Front” made a name for itself in the heart of the fragmented and unstable political landscape of the IVe Republic, against a backdrop of the rise of Poujadism, the war in Algeria and early elections. Around this appellation, Pierre Mendès-France brought together the radical left, the socialists – from Guy Mollet's SFIO and François Mitterrand's UDSR – and the left-wing Gaullists. The alliance took shape in “A Call from the Republican Front”, published by The Express and The world resumes in its edition of December 9, 1955.

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On January 2, 1956, the coalition became the leading force in the Chamber with 192 seats out of 595. But, observes Jacques Fauvet, “the losses having solely benefited the communists and the poujadists, they don’t nonetheless give the bulk to the Republican Front”The alliance shortly dissolved within the chaos of the IVe Republic. “There is great disenchantment in that part of public opinion which had placed its hopes in what was – or never was – the Republican Front,” estimates the journalist, on the firster June 1956.

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