Joseph Oughourlian: “Journalism helps us break the cycle of violence” | International | EUROtoday

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In a world the place wars are ravaging worldwide actors, areas that function bridges between opposing powers have gotten extra essential. Latin America can play a necessary function on this space, though it should first resolve its inside issues. The fundamental one is safety, each citizen and authorized and territorial. To this finish, specialists advocate intensifying the combat towards transnational crime and drug trafficking, with out dropping concentrate on human rights.

This is among the central conclusions of the seminar The challenges of safety in Latin America, organized by Grupo Prisa, writer of EL PAÍS, the Carolina Foundation and the Toledo International Center for Peace (CITpax), and held this Thursday on the Casa de América headquarters in Madrid.

The occasion was attended by the president of Prisa, Joseph Oughourlian, who identified that insecurity is “the most serious problem affecting Latin America” and highlighted the group’s efforts to “work on projects of public interest and social issues.” He additionally pressured the significance of journalism in serving to society “get out of the cycle of violence.” Oughourlian concluded: “The media is obliged to have intellectual rigor. This is how we look at the facts and how we can understand different positions.”

Prisa President Joseph Oughourlian during the event.
Prisa President Joseph Oughourlian through the occasion.Samuel Sanchez

One of the central occasions of the session was the dialog between the previous Colombian president and Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2016, Juan Manuel Santos, and the previous Israeli Foreign Minister and vice chairman of CITpax, Shlomo Ben Ami, with Pepa Bueno, director of EL PAÍS, as moderator.

Santos opened the dialogue with what he considers central to bettering safety in Latin America: supporting the weather that market it from early childhood. “It is the best social investment for a country,” he mentioned. He additionally defined how the expertise within the peace course of with the FARC guerrillas has modified his idea of violence. “I emerged in the world of politics because I was successful in the war as Minister of Defense, but I wanted to make peace. Shlomo [Ben Ami] “He convinced me when he made me think about whether I would rather have the legacy of continuing the war for political popularity than seeking peace.”

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Ben Ami, who suggested the peace course of in Colombia, has given a extra international perspective to the dialog, talking in regards to the “collapse of the world order” of the nice empires after the tip of the Cold War. “The American system of globalization is dismantled. We already know that it introduced many to well-being, but left many others behind and that fueled the populism to which we are subjected,” the knowledgeable mentioned.

Juan Manuel Santos and Solomo Ben Ami talk with the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno.
Juan Manuel Santos and Solomo Ben Ami discuss with the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno.Samuel Sanchez

Both friends have acknowledged that, to ensure that the combat towards violence in Latin America to achieve success, a steadiness should be discovered between safety and respect for human rights. “Can peace be made in the midst of war? My answer is yes. People should not be treated as enemies, but as adversaries, because enemies are eliminated and adversaries are defeated so that we can live with them for the rest of our lives,” Santos argued.

For his half, Ben Ami has warned of the “fragility of institutions” that promote the thought among the many voters {that a} heavy hand is the answer. “This is the case of El Salvador with Nayib Bukele. He believes that putting half the country in jail is the way to achieve peace,” he mentioned sarcastically.

Another session of the seminar included the participation of Mariano Jabonero, Secretary General of the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture, who obtained this yr's Princess of Asturias Award for International Cooperation. Jabonero identified that insecurity “is not an isolated problem” however quite “is a backbone” of all of Latin America. However, he identified that the manifestations are very completely different and so are their causes, which vary “from childhood education to illegal immigration.”

At the identical session, Nathalie Alvarado, head of the citizen safety group on the Inter-American Development Bank, outlined among the options her group has carried out: “We are strengthening our work on security with various forums supported by our European partners. For example, we have supported reintegration projects in countries such as Panama, Jamaica and Chile.” She added: “Some may have a pessimistic perception of our region, but we have the potential to solve global challenges.”

Public-private collaboration

The afternoon session of the seminar targeted on the significance of public-private collaboration to put money into the safety of residents within the area. In a debate moderated by Fernando Carrillo, First Vice President of the Prisa Group, some specialists analyzed this facet. John Rutherford, director of institutional relations at BBVA, acknowledged that “violence, crime and legal insecurity are the main problems in Latin America.” “Companies can help alleviate the situation,” he pressured.

Regarding authorized safety, Marlen Estévez, a associate at Roca Junyent, defined that it’s tough for this to exist, “if there is no political stability.” According to the lawyer, “companies need certainty and confidence from the legal system of countries.” An concept that was supported by Miguel Sánchez San Venancio, director of worldwide safety and intelligence at Telefónica: “We understand security as peaceful development,” whether or not of firms or people.

Erika Rodriguez Pinzon, director of the Carolina Foundation, closed the occasion by interesting to the “human essence of security”. “We cannot talk about this issue without remembering that it is people who suffer from insecurity. But it is also people who provide the answers to this problem,” she concluded.

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