the significance of redefining the makes use of of time | EUROtoday

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At a convention in Madrid in 1930, John Maynard Keynes outlined “economic prospects for our grandchildren”. The British economist seems to be forward to the subsequent century. By 2030, in line with him, technical progress could have made it attainable to significantly scale back the time spent working every day. In his eyes, three hours a day ought to then be sufficient to fulfill human wants. Keynes' prophecy is accompanied by a profound query: what is going to we do with the time thus freed up?

Nearly a century later, Pierre-Noël Giraud took up this query of the makes use of of time. In Bread and video gamesthe emeritus professor of economics at Mines Paris and Dauphine PSL, first reveals us that, if Keynes' predictions weren’t achieved, “we have produced [au cours du XXe siècle] eight times more and produces something else, while halving the commercial working time per inhabitant”.

It reveals extra broadly over the pages the variable place given to completely different actions (performing productive duties, occupying free time, and so forth.) within the lives of males, from the Stone Age to the modern interval, but additionally the evolution of their relationship to time. A time that he considers to be “our only rare resource” and a supply of serious challenges. The “dominant group”has he not ensured all through the centuries that “controlling the people's free time” to stop it from “educates oneself[se]is organized[se] and revolts[e] » ?

Working differently

In the eyes of Pierre-Noël Giraud, the issues surrounding the use of time appear to be considerable today. This “in view of the three main challenges that the longer term poses to us, particularly: profoundly altering our relationship with nature with a view to look after and protect it; mastering the data know-how revolution; lowering inequalities which have turn into extreme and cumulative”. Ignoring them and not solving them would plunge us into “a detestable state of affairs” : “a variety of males would turn into 'ineffective' to the financial system”under the effect of digital changes and in the absence of access to an effective training system. It would therefore be necessary to provide them with assistance (“give them bread”). Their free time would be occupied by ” video games “ provided by digital platforms.

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The author's thesis is that a redefined use of time can help to break this impasse. The time freed up in organizations as a result of “the acceleration of technical progress” (especially the deployment of artificial intelligence) must be taken advantage of. A vast movement of translation of workers and their time could take place in the direction of care activities (of nature and others). This would imply an imposing training system – “inside our attain because of the pc revolution”says the creator. This would additionally require making this sector of care extra enticing (by not entrusting it to the non-public sector, by providing enriched working relationships).

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