UN chief to leaders of regional bloc: finish wars, take care of existential crises | EUROtoday

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“The central goal of our multilateral system must be peace – a pre-condition for sustainable development and the enjoyment of human rights,” he informed Heads of States attending the world’s largest regional organisation assembly in Kazakhstan’s capital.

António Guterres listed a number of conflicts the place ceasefire and lasting peace are wanted, from the Middle East to Ukraine and from Sudan to the Sahel, along with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Myanmar and Haiti.

“We need peace in Afghanistan and an inclusive government that respects human rights and is integrated into the international community. All countries should unite to prevent Afghanistan from ever again becoming a hotbed of terrorism,” he informed the Council of the SCO, the world’s largest regional safety physique that features Belarus, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

With such extensive illustration, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization has the facility and the duty to push for peace, the chief of the common organisation insisted.

Existential threats

The UN Secretary-General underscored that the assembly in Astana was taking place amid raging wars, geopolitical divides, “an epidemic of impunity” and backsliding on sustainable growth – a key world aim –  inflicting cynicism and a disaster of belief.

These global challenges cannot be solved on a country-by-country basis. This is the moment to reaffirm our common commitment to multilateralism, with the United Nations at its centre, bound by the principles set out in the UN Charter, international law and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,” the UN chief mentioned, cautioning that individuals are shedding religion in multilateralism, as they level to damaged guarantees, double requirements and rising inequalities.

The UN Secretary-General additionally highlighted the pressing want for collective motion on two looming existential threats: the local weather emergency and the unchecked rise of digital applied sciences, notably AI.

Climate breaking down

UN local weather specialists have confirmed that though 2023 was the most well liked 12 months on document, it may quickly be seen as one of many coolest years in a quickly warming future. The Secretary-General warned that the devastating impacts of our altering local weather are already evident within the melting glaciers, lethal floods, storms, droughts, and excessive warmth waves which might be battering nations worldwide.

“Our climate is breaking down,” he mentioned, emphasizing the dire penalties for water and meals safety, growth and world stability. The name to motion ought to be clear, he insisted, in a name for formidable measures to slash greenhouse fuel emissions and obtain local weather justice, with the best duty falling on the world’s greatest emitters.

Outlining options to the worldwide local weather disaster, Mr. Guterres urged all governments to submit new Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by subsequent 12 months, totally aligned with the aim of limiting world warming to 1.5 levels Celsius.

These NDCs ought to embrace absolute emissions discount targets for 2030 and 2035 and description plans for important world transitions, with key actions equivalent to ending deforestation, tripling renewable vitality capability and decreasing fossil gas manufacturing and consumption by a minimum of 30 per cent by 2030. Additionally, nations should decide to phasing out coal energy fully by 2040, the UN chief mentioned.

Financial mobilization for local weather motion

Highlighting the important position of finance in help of local weather motion, the Secretary-General referred to as for a robust monetary end result from COP29, the worldwide local weather convention to be held in Baku, Azerbaijan, in November. He pressured the necessity to enhance the lending capability of Multilateral Development Banks and entice extra personal capital for local weather initiatives. Developed nations must also double their financing for local weather adaptation and fulfil their commitments, together with substantial contributions to the brand new Loss and Damage Fund, the UN chief mentioned.

To help these efforts, the Secretary-General advocated for progressive monetary mechanisms, together with carbon pricing and taxes on the windfall income of fossil gas corporations. He referred to as for early adopters to implement solidarity levies on sectors equivalent to transport, aviation and fossil gas extraction by COP29.

AI: balancing potential and danger

Turning to AI – the second existential menace going through the planet – the Secretary-General highlighted the transformative potential of the expertise in accelerating sustainable growth. However, he cautioned that AI is advancing sooner than regulatory frameworks can sustain, exacerbating energy imbalances, concentrating wealth within the fingers of some, undermining human rights and rising world tensions.

To tackle these challenges, the UN chief’s Advisory Body on AI has outlined 5 priorities: establishing a global scientific panel on AI, initiating common coverage dialogues growing frequent ethics and requirements for AI, making certain governance of the information used to coach AI algorithms and supporting capability constructing in growing nations by a worldwide fund. Mr. Guterres additionally proposed the creation of a compact, dynamic and versatile UN AI Office to supervise these efforts.

Summit of the Future

The Secretary-General expressed hope that the upcoming Summit of the Future shall be a turning level in renewing world unity and addressing the existential threats going through humanity. “I look forward to welcoming you to New York in September,” he mentioned, earlier than urging the regional bloc’s leaders to grab this pivotal alternative for collective motion.

The UN Secretary-General attended the SCO top-level assembly in the middle of his tour of the Central Asia nations that covers Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan to debate a variety of points from peace, non proliferation to sustainable growth.