what they vote and suggest on girls's rights | EUROtoday

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EIn this era between the 2 rounds, there may be nonetheless time to have a look at the events' achievements in defending girls's rights. Is it taken into consideration by those that are in search of the votes of voters?

Beyond the speeches, applications and declarations of intent of the leaders of the National Rally, the New Popular Front and Ensemble, the events that got here out on prime, in that order, within the first spherical of the legislative elections, it appears essential to additionally confer with particular details. How did the deputies of the totally different events vote on the tasks offered to them regarding equality between ladies and men?

Initiatives from the presidential camp

In 2017, shortly after his first election as President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron declared gender equality the “great national cause of the five-year term”. This assertion was repeated throughout his re-election in 2022. Without reviewing all of the measures determined by successive governments and the legal guidelines handed by Parliament since 2017, we are able to establish among the most essential: the creation, with the Schiappa legislation, of an offense of sexist outrage to suppress so-called “street” harassment or the group of the “Grenelle on domestic violence”.

There was additionally, on one other stage, the promulgation of the legislation on bioethics, which extends medically assisted procreation to feminine {couples} and single girls and the strengthening of the proper to abortion after which the inclusion of this proper within the Constitution in 2024.

From an financial standpoint, the legislation for the liberty to decide on one's skilled future was promulgated, which units up the index {of professional} equality between ladies and men, then the Rixain legislation, aimed toward accelerating the financial {and professional} equality of ladies. The five-year plan for girls's rights was introduced in 2023.

A extra hostile National Rally than common

On these totally different topics, the deputies of the National Rally (RN) have proven both their opposition or their indifference, in accordance with the Datan web site, which counts the votes of all events on all of the texts submitted to them. Concerning sexist and sexual violence and home violence in the course of the adoption of the Schiappa legislation in 2018, just one RN deputy is in session and he abstains. Furthermore, the Information Center on the Rights of Women and Families experiences that the RN solely approaches the topic “through the prism of security, without taking into account the necessary prevention of this violence.”

On the topic of abortion rights, the RN's positions are additionally clearly extra hostile than common: RN deputies voted in opposition to extending the time restrict for abortion from 12 to 14 weeks in 2022 and in opposition to medically assisted procreation for feminine {couples}. On the inclusion of abortion within the Constitution in March 2024, the RN is the group that, proportionally, voted the least in favor of this measure: out of 88 deputies, 46 voted for, 11 in opposition to, 20 abstained and 11 had been absent in the course of the Congress in Versailles.

In the European Parliament, RN MEPs have proven the identical reluctance to additional defend the proper to abortion. In November 2020 and November 2021, the celebration's elected representatives voted in opposition to a decision condemning Poland, which nearly utterly banned abortion. On April 11, they selected to abstain on the introduction of the proper to abortion within the European Charter of Fundamental Rights.

Finally, on the financial entrance, we observe that RN deputies have by no means voted for any directive to strengthen the autonomy {and professional} equality of ladies. In 2023, throughout a invoice aimed toward strengthening girls's entry to duties within the civil service, 35 RN deputies voted in opposition to and one abstained. However, the legislation aimed to speed up the feminization of senior civil service by rising the necessary quota of first feminine appointments to 50% and established knowledgeable equality index within the civil service. Similarly, in May 2023 within the European Parliament, RN MEPs selected to abstain or voted in opposition to the European directive on “transparency and equal pay”, which goals to use equal pay between ladies and men for an identical work or work of equal worth.

Certainly, Jordan Bardella, who’s working for Prime Minister, is attempting to reassure and set himself up as a defender of ladies's rights. Certainly, these speeches should not with out impact since girls now vote as a lot as males for RN representatives. However, they appear to contradict the choices taken by his camp lately.

In the early Nineteen Seventies, as abortion rights had been making decisive progress, Simone de Beauvoir warned: “It will only take one political, economic and religious crisis for women's rights, our rights, to be called into question. Throughout your lives, you must remain vigilant.” Are we at that second?

Together and the New Popular Front: incompleteness

What do we discover on the aspect of the opposite political forces, the present majority and the New Popular Front?

Last September, the Court of Auditors printed a report on the gender equality coverage carried out by the State in the course of the first five-year time period, from 2017 to 2022. Its subtitle already units the tone: “Limited progress compared to the objectives set.”

The textual content first factors out the absence of a steady and coordinated international coverage. Thus, dozens of measures had been introduced however they weren’t the topic of a single “road map” that might have allowed for monitoring on the interministerial stage. Failing this, the measures had been carried out on the whim of every ministry.

However, authorities companies have develop into extra concerned, notably due to a rise in budgetary sources. The report notes sure progress within the battle in opposition to home violence and for skilled equality. It concludes in brief that there’s a must appropriate methodological errors with the intention to develop a extra complete imaginative and prescient of equality coverage accompanied by a roadmap with quantified targets when it comes to outcomes.

The New Popular Front, for its half, clearly shows its targets: to battle in opposition to sexist and sexual violence by assuring that it needs to undertake a complete legislation with a considerable finances of two.6 billion euros; to implement current texts on equal pay; to create menstrual go away and to have menstrual safety lined by Social Security.

But what about the remainder? What in regards to the focus of ladies within the lowest-paid, most precarious jobs with probably the most troublesome working situations? What in regards to the horizontal segregation of jobs, notably in care and help professions? Out of 87 skilled households, fewer than 20 have a roughly balanced distribution between ladies and men. What about equality coaching, in faculties from a really younger age and for all lecturers? What in regards to the difficulties of single-parent households, the overwhelming majority of that are single girls with kids? We may simply prolong the record.

Some individuals, like historian Éliane Viennot, additionally remorse that this program was written within the masculine. “Writing in the masculine is thinking in the masculine,” they are saying. Gentlemen, yet another effort…: the title of Elisabeth Badinter's newest work exhibits its relevance right here if we intention for actual equality.

* Frédérique Pigeyre, professor at Cnam – Gender Chair, gender equality, range, nationwide conservatory of arts and crafts (CNAM)

https://www.lepoint.fr/politique/rn-nfp-et-ensemble-ce-qu-ils-votent-et-proposent-sur-les-droits-des-femmes-04-07-2024-2564827_20.php