Will there be sufficient academics for the following college yr? | EUROtoday

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QWhat might save… the varsity? For a number of years, the National Education system has been going through a severe disaster of vocations. As proof, in 2024, one in eight positions had not been crammed for the certificates of aptitude for instructing in secondary schooling (Capes), one of many entry factors into secondary schooling. That is to say, of the 5,122 positions open to the competitors, all sectors mixed, 633 stay vacant.

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Some disciplines are notably struggling to replenish. For instance, in arithmetic, there are 209 laureates lacking, whereas 142 positions stay vacant in physics and chemistry and 111 in classical and fashionable literature. Languages ​​will not be spared both: in German, out of the 165 open locations, solely 75 discovered takers this yr.

A drop in degree?

Although the pool of academics in center and excessive colleges is progressively shrinking, the state of affairs sadly doesn’t shock Claire Piolti-Lamorthe, president of the Association of Public School Mathematics Teachers (APMEP): “In several disciplines, including mathematics, the number of people registered for the competition remains low, or even lower than the number of places available.”

So a dilemma usually arises: ought to we decrease the extent of exams to compensate for the scarcity, even when it means recruiting much less good candidates? Impossible for Marie-Thérèse Lehoucq, president of the Union of Physics and Chemistry Teachers (Udppc), who declares: “In physics and chemistry, there is very clearly a recruitment problem – a third of the places have not been filled. However, the jury has decided: it is not possible to recruit people who do not have the sufficient level to give lessons.”

A imaginative and prescient supported by Claire Piolti-Lamorthe of APMEP. “It is important to maintain a certain selectivity,” she observes. “This allows us to maintain a satisfactory level of recruitment that guarantees recruited teachers that they can work in peaceful conditions and that they are not put in difficulty in carrying out their profession.”

Nevertheless, the National Education system can in a short time be caught up by a precept of actuality. In fashionable and classical literature, for instance, the vice-president of the Association of Literature Teachers (APL), Arnaud Fabre, signifies that there are “three to four times fewer candidates than before” and admits that “the top of the basket remains excellent, but [qu’une] “A big proportion of these at the moment recruited wouldn’t even have been capable of acquire the CAPES ten years in the past.”

A job full of uncertainties

While the issue of selectivity remains “central to the attractiveness of the career”, “being a instructor has not been a dream for a very long time”, says Arnaud Fabre, who is a French teacher. Because, in addition to the working conditions and pay – which are, according to these associations, the main reasons for this lack of love – the profession also suffers from competition from other sectors considered safer, less arduous or more remunerative. Thus, mathematicians could embark on a career in finance or data analysis, while literary scholars would move towards careers in the senior civil service or publishing, for example.

“Successive reforms haven’t helped,” continues Claire Piolti-Lamorthe. In particular, the “masterization of the CAPES”, desired by Jean-Michel Blanquer, the Minister of Education from 2017 to 2022 who moved the recruitment competition from M1 to M2. “Between the dissertation and the exams, candidates should tackle loads of work throughout their ultimate yr,” she believes. If they fail, they find themselves with nothing, which does not encourage them to embark on this path.” A path that might nonetheless change with the long run instructor coaching schools of the twenty first centurye century and the passage of the competitors within the third yr of the diploma.

READ ALSO Teacher coaching: a drop in requirements introduced? Multiple adjustments that create loads of uncertainty amongst aspiring academics. “Especially since today's school may not be tomorrow's,” says Claire Piolti-Lamorthe. “The succession of ministries and the many reforms of secondary education do not help students to plan ahead. And above all, these multiple changes lead to a deterioration in working conditions at the same time as they do not necessarily allow students to progress.”

The use of contract employees

While associations and unions have been warning about this situation for a while, the state of affairs is now changing into “urgent” as a result of “the lack of teachers is starting to become apparent,” says Arnaud Fabre, a French instructor. “In the press, we often talk about teacher absences,” he notes. “However, when a position has not been filled, it is not an absence but simply that there has been no recruitment.” While this phenomenon is much less noticeable in center and excessive colleges – “because what is true in one subject is not true in another” – the scarcity of major college academics may be very seen. Because, he explains, “when there is no assigned teacher for the CM2 class, no one will take over.”

Faced with the gradual erosion of employees numbers, the National Education system is resorting to contract employees… not with out penalties. “Some of them are precisely those that we did not accept in the competition, because they did not have the level,” says the president of the APL. And the consequence, he says, “is the decline in the level of our teachers which could, itself, have repercussions on the future of our students.”

“On the ground, we see that public schools are facing a lack of resources, or even disinvestment from the State,” says Marie-Thérèse Lehoucq, a physics and chemistry professor. “However, it is a common treasure that is important to preserve. Like any public service, it is the wealth of all those who do not necessarily have an inheritance.”