Japan broadcasts victory over floppy disks | EUROtoday

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Two years in the past, Japan’s Digital Minister Taro Kono turned heads when he declared struggle on an virtually out of date piece of laptop {hardware}: the floppy disk. In a put up on social media, Kono stated that the Japanese authorities nonetheless required the likes of floppies and CDs for some 1,900 procedures — and vowed to remove their use.

This week, Kono declared victory, telling Reuters: “We have won the war on floppy disks on June 28!” A doc launched by his workplace confirmed the triumph.

While it might sound shocking that this battle wanted to be fought, Japan isn’t the one place that has floppy disks hanging round. Norway’s medical doctors had been utilizing floppy disks in 2015 and as of a 12 months later, the United States’ nuclear program was too. British Airways’ Boeing 747-400s had been nonetheless receiving essential updates through floppy disk till as not too long ago as 2020. In San Francisco, a stone’s throw from Silicon Valley, the town’s practice system runs on floppies.

Still, Japan’s lingering reliance on archaic expertise stands out. The nation has lengthy been identified for innovation, a lot in order that the thought of Japan as a futuristic utopia replete with robots, singing bathrooms and zooming bullet trains has virtually veered right into a trope. But it’s additionally the nation the place flip telephones remained standard lengthy into the smartphone period and the place staff protest eliminating fax machines — and, as specialists say, this relationship with tech displays each pragmatic considerations and the deeply held values that allowed Japanese expertise to thrive within the first place.

Kenji Kushida, a senior fellow for Japan research on the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, factors to a lot of sensible causes for the gradual adoption of recent applied sciences, together with an absence of incentive to replace the IT methods wherein governments and companies invested within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineties. The Japanese authorities additionally had hundreds of “analog regulations” that mandated seemingly outdated processes for numerous official procedures — comparable to transferring information through floppy disk, CD, and even by hand.

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“It really took political will” to rewrite such laws, Kushida stated.

But deeper than authorities guidelines or paperwork, he stated, is a type of digital discomfort associated to the Japanese language. It will be tough to fill out digital varieties in Japanese, which makes use of three writing methods that don’t at all times translate nicely to digital interfaces, Kushida stated. “It feels like it’s 1,000 times faster to just write the thing and then send a fax,” he stated.

This impact is compounded in a society the place older folks, who are usually not digital natives, make up a big proportion of Japan’s inhabitants, Kushida stated.

Ulrike Schaede, professor of Japanese enterprise on the University of California at San Diego, additionally stated the language is an impediment to adopting new applied sciences, although she additionally attributes it to “anzen daiichi,” or “safety first” — which she says is akin to a nationwide motto.

“Generally things have to be 100% proven before they can be rolled out,” Schaede wrote in an electronic mail. “Mistakes, data leaks, lost data, are all very costly. Americans shrug those costs off in the interest of progress, Japanese don’t.”

Koichi Nakano, a professor of political science at Sophia University in Tokyo, attributes the federal government’s use of previous tech to “underfunding of public administration,” pointing to finances and staffing deficits. More superior expertise comparable to USBs or cloud storage “may have been considered as too risky without better tech support,” he wrote in an electronic mail, including that even for those who misplaced a floppy, “if others found it, they won’t be able to open it.”

For Roland Kelts, a visiting professor at Tokyo’s Waseda University and creator of “Japanamerica,” the prevalence of outdated tech is linked to a different Japanese idea often called monozukuri, which describes the worth positioned on crafting bodily issues comparable to kimonos or lacquerware.

“A floppy disk is not necessarily a beautifully crafted thing,” he stated with amusing, “but it’s still a physical product, and something that if you take care of it and keep it in good condition, it will perform a function for you.”

“It’s much more reliable than this abstract cloud that you can’t hold in your hand,” Kelts added.

In some ways, the nation’s deal with bodily design has confirmed a power. Japanese firms have thrived by designing groundbreaking {hardware}, from the Sony Walkman to the Nintendo Switch. Hayao Miyazaki, the internationally acclaimed founding father of the Studio Ghibli animation studio, works “meticulously by hand,” Kelts notes. And after we think about “high tech Japan,” he stated, what we are literally pondering of are sometimes bodily applied sciences, such because the bullet practice.

That identical deal with tangible issues, which may really feel so old-school within the digital age, additionally pushes Japan ahead. As Kelts places it: “Sometimes Japan’s retro is actually quite futuristic.”

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2024/07/05/japan-floppy-disks/