Putin receives Modi in Moscow with excessive stakes for Russia and India | EUROtoday

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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been welcomed by President Biden for a state dinner and lavished with reward by White House officers, who describe U.S.-India ties as “the most consequential relationship” of all.

But this week, Modi reminded the world that he has one other shut relationship — with “my friend Vladimir Putin.”

As Modi makes his first go to to Russia for the reason that outbreak of the Ukraine battle, the pictures rising from Moscow ship a transparent sign that the South Asian large will preserve deep ties with Russia regardless of the Biden administration’s efforts to woo Modi, and point out that the Russian president has not been as remoted because the White House has hoped.

For Modi, Russia stays a vital supply of weaponry, power and house know-how that India sees as indispensable in changing into a terrific energy. Putin’s battle effort, in the meantime, has been funded in vital half by Indian purchases of Russian oil merchandise, which have elevated virtually 20-fold since 2021, and Modi’s go to has bolstered Putin’s worldwide standing.

On Monday, Modi hailed India’s “special and privileged strategic relationship with Russia” as he departed for Moscow, the place he was welcomed by a dancing troupe and well-wishers waving Indian and Russian flags.

Putin and Modi met Monday night on the Russian chief’s Moscow area residence in Novo-Ogaryovo over tea on an outdoor terrace.

“It is a great honor to visit a friend’s home,” Modi stated, in keeping with clips launched by Russian state media.

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“We have official talks tomorrow, but today we can talk in a home environment, in my residence,” Putin stated. “I’d like to congratulate you on your reelection as prime minister; that is not accident but a result of your work over many years. You have your own ideas, you are very energetic and you are successful in achieving results in the name of the Indian people.”

The journey, coming lower than a month after Modi was sworn in for a 3rd time period, provides him an opportunity to indicate Putin that India has not slipped too far into the Western camp, whilst U.S.-India cooperation reaches its highest stage in a long time, Indian analysts say.

“The decision to go early in the term is a signal that India remains invested in the Russia relationship — that is part and parcel of India’s foreign policy, cutting across party lines,” stated Pankaj Saran, a former Indian ambassador to Russia and deputy nationwide safety adviser who continues to advise the Indian authorities.

The Indian institution, Saran added, prioritized cultivating ties with Washington whereas in search of to assuage U.S. issues by presenting India as a possible interlocutor between Russia and the West.

Even although the India-Russia relationship reaches again to the Cold War period, the power and protection ties between Russia and India — the world’s largest weapons purchaser and the No. 3 importer of oil — have deepened in some ways. Indian imports of Russian crude rose from $2.5 billion in 2021, earlier than the Ukraine battle erupted, to $46.5 billion in 2023, in keeping with Indian Commerce Ministry information.

Indian officers say the transactions have been priced under the $60 per barrel cap imposed by the Group of Seven international locations, and the United States has kept away from criticizing India’s purchases. But the purchases characterize such a big windfall for Russia that Indian officers have begun to voice issues about India’s mounting commerce deficit.

And whereas U.S. officers have publicly and privately urged India to wean itself off Russian weapons, the Russian state-owned arms manufacturing large Rostec introduced final week that it could produce armor-piercing tank ammunition in India to provide the Indian military.

In trade for lending its assist, Indian officers and observers say they hope Putin will sign to Modi that he has maintained a level of independence from China, India’s rival, at a time when Russia is more and more seen as a junior companion to Beijing.

India hopes to “engage Russia, to provide options to Russia and to remind Russia that they have to be cognizant in how they conduct their relationship with China,” Saran stated. “India will be closely watching the Russia-China military or intelligence relationship and how much of it will be detrimental to India.”

For Putin, Modi’s go to, which wraps up Tuesday, supplies an extra probability to reveal he’s not completely remoted over his battle in Ukraine.

“For Putin it’s very important. It is international recognition,” a Russian official stated, talking on the situation of anonymity as a result of he was not licensed to talk. Touting Russia’s relationship with India additionally permits Putin to spice up Russia’s place in relation to China, he stated.

Russian officers and analysts say that regardless of the bonhomie and “no limits” friendship between Putin and Chinese chief Xi Jinping, the Russian president has demonstrated that he has saved a sure distance from China. Just final month, Putin visited North Korea in a go to that was “not received very well in Beijing,” stated a Russian official who’s near senior Russian diplomats.

“When we became completely dependent on China, we suddenly had the visit to North Korea and now, this balance with India,” the official stated. “With these types of triangles, [Putin] is able to balance the situation to show that he is not completely subservient.”

Belton reported from London and Ilyushina from Berlin.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2024/07/09/russia-india-putin-modi-moscow/