European courts assist collective dismissal within the case of the businessman's retirement | Economy | EUROtoday

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The European Court of Justice has clarified the doubts about what occurs when an organization's employees are dismissed because of the employer's retirement. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued a ruling on Thursday wherein it decided that this example have to be processed as a collective dismissal and, subsequently, it’s essential to open a interval of session to attempt, a minimum of, to mitigate the results of the termination of employment contracts. In this sense, it signifies that Spanish laws is opposite to European rules as a result of it limits collective dismissals to those who happen for financial, technical, organizational or manufacturing causes and never to those who happen on the initiative of the employer and for causes past the management of the employees.

The highest courtroom has thus responded to a preliminary query raised by the High Court of Justice of Catalonia (TSJC), which is finding out the declare of eight individuals who had been dismissed because of the retirement of the proprietor of the corporate for which they labored. The finish of the employer's working life led to the termination of 54 present contracts in eight work centres of his firm, though it was eight workers (all from the identical workplace) who determined to take the matter to courtroom, contemplating that their dismissal was irregular.

In its ruling, the CJEU, which doesn’t rule on the circumstances of compensation however merely units out the process to be adopted in these circumstances, remembers that its repeated case regulation establishes that collective dismissal happens when the termination of contracts happens with out the consent of the affected employees. It additionally stresses that the principle goal of the European directive on collective dismissals is to make sure that such dismissals are preceded by session with the employees' representatives and knowledge to the competent public authority.

The Luxembourg-based courtroom subsequently states that the European directive is relevant to circumstances of employer retirement if the thresholds for dismissals offered for therein are reached. The regulation states that “terminations of employment contracts produced by the employer's initiative based on one or more reasons not inherent to the person of the workers will be treated as dismissals, provided that there are at least five dismissals.” It additionally establishes completely different session durations relying on the variety of employees affected.

The CJEU concludes that Spanish laws doesn’t adjust to the provisions of the European directive. Article 51 of the Workers' Statute supplies for collective dismissal for the termination of contracts based mostly on “economic, technical, organisational or production reasons” (often known as ETOP), whereas dismissal because of the employer's retirement is offered for in one of many sections of Article 49 on the causes that result in the termination of the contract.

Finally, the courtroom states that the retirement of an employer can’t be thought of because of his loss of life, a query on which the best European courtroom has already dominated and declared that the directive isn’t relevant. According to the courtroom, not like the deceased, an employer who retires can perform consultations aimed toward mitigating the results of the termination of employment contracts, both to keep away from it or to cut back the variety of these affected.

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https://elpais.com/economia/2024-07-11/la-justicia-europea-respalda-el-despido-colectivo-en-el-caso-de-jubilacion-del-empresario.html