Twenty former world leaders name on Biden and the G-20 to approve a worldwide tax on the super-rich | Economy | EUROtoday

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The main worldwide debates on tax issues should first go by way of the United States and, from there, proceed their path to different world economies similar to Germany, France, Italy or Japan. That is why, this Thursday, nearly twenty former heads of state and authorities from numerous international locations have requested by letter to the American president, Joe Biden, and the remainder of the G-20 leaders, formal assist for the brand new plan that gives for a particular tax on the three,000 richest folks on the earth, with the purpose of elevating as much as 250,000 million extra {dollars} (about 231,000 million euros) at a worldwide stage.

“Taxing the ultra-rich has strong popular support around the world and across all political spectrums, including among the ultra-rich themselves. G-20 leadership was vital in achieving a global agreement on a minimum corporate tax. Now is the time to do the same for the super-rich,” reads the letter to which EL PAÍS has had entry, signed by the 2 former socialist prime ministers of the Spanish authorities, Felipe González and José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. They are joined by names similar to Dominique de Villepin, Stefan Löfven, Jan Peter Balkenende, Yorgos Papandreu and Julia Gillard, former prime ministers of France, Sweden, the Netherlands, Greece and Australia, respectively. The letter can be signed by Michelle Bachelet, former president of Chile, Kim Campbell, former prime minister of Canada, and Alfred Gusenbauer, former chancellor of Austria, amongst others.

The former political leaders clarify within the doc that the world's super-rich “pay a lower tax rate than teachers and cleaners”. At a worldwide stage, they argue, billionaires pay the equal of lower than 0.5% of their wealth, which implies that billions of euros “that could have been productively invested in education, health or infrastructure” have been “unproductively accumulated by the ultra-rich”. The results of this spiral is “extreme inequality”, a phenomenon that results in “too many people feeling that the social contract is broken and that their democracies have left them behind”. For all these causes, the tax proposal is “strategic and necessary”.

A few weeks in the past, the Brazilian presidency of the G20 introduced the conclusions of a report commissioned by the well-known French economist Gabriel Zucman, director of the European Union Fiscal Observatory. The doc in query proposes that people with a complete wealth of greater than 1 billion {dollars} (about 935 million euros) pay not less than 2% of their complete belongings in order that the States have extra assets value between 200 and 250 billion.

According to Zucman himself, the plan has already been supported by Spain, France, Brazil, South Africa, Colombia and Belgium, amongst others. And for its viability, worldwide leaders know nicely, a breath of contemporary air from Washington and the remainder of the capitals of the key economies can be very welcome. “Rare is the proposal that asks us to unite as former leaders and that we recognize as politically possible. This, clearly, is,” add the signatories within the letter, coordinated by the Club of Madrid and Oxfam Intermón.

Zucman's plan would require taxpayers with complete wealth of greater than $1 billion in property, shares, company pursuits and different belongings to pay not less than 2% of their complete wealth, supplied they don’t already contribute that a lot to the treasury by way of private earnings taxes. The framework, like the worldwide 15% company minimal, would additionally permit international locations to use last-resort mechanisms to say their justifiable share of the tax if different jurisdictions waive the income.

The proposal is predicated on the idea that the required 2% can be calculated on the wealth quite than the earnings of high-income taxpayers, since this determine is harder to govern and conceal. In this state of affairs, the extra income anticipated would imply that, on common, the ultra-rich would pay $80 million per particular person. If the framework had been prolonged to people with a web value of greater than $100 million, a further $100 to $140 billion a yr can be raised; if the speed had been 3%, the income can be between $550 and $690 billion, of which 55% would come from billionaires.

Global coordination

In the letter, addressed to leaders similar to Joe Biden, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and the brand new British Prime Minister Keir Starmer, the signatories insist on the necessity for international coordination. To accomplish that, they use the instance of the brand new international minimal of 15% for multinationals that has been agreed inside the framework of the OECD.

“National action is indispensable. We need to tax the incomes of billionaires in every country,” they clarify. However, they add, “national action alone can only go so far” as a result of international capital doesn’t respect nationwide borders and tax avoidance and evasion by the ultra-rich “succeed when governments do not work together.” That is why “we need global cooperation,” as has already been finished with the company tax flooring.

The former world leaders acknowledge that they know first-hand what “the reality of political office” is like and its limitations, “including the pressures placed on them.” However, they name on present leaders to offer international management for a brand new consensus on taxation. “We are ready to support them in this agenda,” they conclude.

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https://elpais.com/economia/2024-07-11/una-veintena-de-exlideres-mundiales-piden-a-biden-y-al-g-20-aprobar-un-impuesto-global-a-los-superricos.html