What are the Supreme Court circumstances this time period? | EUROtoday

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

The Supreme Court is again in session.

At the top of September, the 9 Supreme Court Justices reconvened to kick off the 2023-2024 time period the place they’re anticipated to listen to circumstances regarding the Second Amendment, racial gerrymandering, free speech on-line and extra.

Now greater than ever, US voters are holding a detailed eye on the best court docket within the land after two contentious years produced a collection of negatively seen choices.

Going into the brand new time period, US voters can anticipate rulings to align extra conservatively simply as they’ve the final two years as a result of the court docket’s majority leans that means.

Here are the circumstances to regulate.

Racial gerrymandering: Alexander v South Carolina State Conference of the NAACP

In this case, justices are being requested to uphold or reverse a unanimous three-judge ruling that discovered South Carolina’s 1st Congressional District was unconstitutional.

The NAACP mentioned the state’s legislature violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment by strategically transferring a majority of Black voters into one district thus denying them their alternative to elect a candidate of their selecting.

However, the state claims they solely re-drew strains to learn Republicans and didn’t goal voters of a selected race when redistricting.

Oral arguments happened on October 11.

A ruling within the case will set a precedent on the subject of re-districting within the state. The court docket already dominated towards an analogous state of affairs in Allen v Milligan this previous time period.

Voters attend a rally exterior of the U.S. Supreme Court on October 11, 2023 in Washington, DC.

(Getty Images for Rooted Logistic)

Second Amendment: Brown v United States and Jackson v United States

The court docket is being requested to make clear language within the Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) that determines a person is mandatorily sentenced to fifteen years in jail minimal if they’ve three prior “violent felonies” or “serious drug offenses” in two consolidated cases.

In both cases, the petitioners argue they should not have received longer sentencing because their prior offences had different meanings due to state or federal law changes.

Oral arguments took place on November 27.

A ruling in the case could redefine what a “serious drug offense” means thus allowing people with prior drug convictions to obtain a firearm – something President Joe Biden’s son, Hunter Biden, is currently facing.

Second Amendment: United States v Rahimi

This case questions whether individuals with domestic violence restraining orders against them can possess a firearm under the Second Amendment.

Oral arguments took place on November 7.

A ruling in favour of Rahimi could allow people with a history of domestic violence to legally obtain a firearm, which has the potential to increase firearm-related domestic incidents.

Activists hold up signs outside U.S. Supreme Court during a gun-control rally on November 7, 2023 in Washington, DC.

(Getty Images)

Regulatory: Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v Community Financial Services Association of America

This case is asking justices to determine if the way the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is currently funded by the Federal Reserve System is a violation of the Appropriations Clause of the Constitution which says money cannot be drawn from the Treasury without Congress’ approval.

Since its formation in 2011, the CFPB has been funded by the Federal Reserve System to implement and enforce federal consumer financial law and ensure markets are fair, transparent and competitive. The agency has jurisdiction over banks, credit unions, debt collectors and more.

Oral arguments took place on October 3.

Though regulatory cases like this are typically boring and hard to understand, a ruling against CFPB could have massive implications by opening a door for others to challenge the funding of Medicare, Social Security and many more.

The US Supreme Court is seen in Washington, DC, on October 9, 2023

(AFP via Getty Images)

Administrative: Loper Bright Enterprises v Raimondo

The question being presented to the justices is whether the Court should reverse the Chevron Doctrine – a document that arose from the landmark case Chevron USA v Natural Resources Defense Council which requires courts to defer to the expert agency when making decisions in ambiguous situations.

The details of this case have to do with the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) implementing a new rule that requires fishing companies to pay for third-party observers aboard specific boats.

A decision that reverses the Chevron doctrine would alter federal agencies (like the FDA) by allowing courts to bypass experts’ opinions when making decisions.

Oral arguments are set to take place on January 17.

Administrative: Securities and Exchange Commission v Jarkesy

In this case, the court is being asked to clarify a provision of the Dodd-Frank Act that allows the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to make judgments and seek civil penalties it’s in in-house court. The plaintiffs claim using the in-house system violates the Seventh Amendment which entitles a person to a jury during a civil trial.

Under the Dodd-Frank Act, a person accused of violating securities fraud would be subject to administrative law judges (ALJ) within the SEC but several flaws have been found in this system.

Like CFBP v Community Financial Services, this case has the potential to open a door to how other agencies use the administration law process – or if they even can.

Oral arguments occurred on November 29.

Abortion: FDA v Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine and Danco Laboratories v. Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine

In its first abortion case since overturning Roe v Wade last year, the court is being asked to decide if the Fifth Circuit could uphold a ruling that severely restricts the abortion pill medication mifepristone.

A group of conservative doctors and physicians sued the FDA, claiming the drug mifepristone is unsafe and asked that regulations around the drug be reinstated to severely restrict access to it. Judges in the conservative Fifth Circuit upheld the lower court’s ruling that sided with the group and the government appealed to the Supreme Court.

Should the court uphold the Fifth Circuit’s ruling it would further restrict access to reproductive healthcare across the US. The drug mifepristone, which has been approved by the FDA since 2000, is used in the medication that accounts for more than half of abortions in the US.

Consolidated oral arguments have not been set yet.

Mifepristone, the first medication in a medical abortion, is prepared for a patient at Alamo Women’s Clinic in Carbondale, Illinois, U.S.,


First Amendment: Moody v NetChoice LLC and NetChoice LLC v Paxton

In these consolidated cases, the Court is being asked to determine if laws in Florida and Texas that prohibit social media platforms from removing speech is a violation of the First Amendment.

In Moody v NetChoice, the Florida law in question was passed in May 2021 and fines social media platforms for banning political candidates for more than 60 days or “journalistic enterprises” that have over 100k monthly users or 50k subscribers.

In NetChoice v Paxton, the Texas law in question forbade social media companies with 50 million users from removing or hiding content based on viewpoints among other governing rules.

A decision that upholds the laws in Florida and Texas could have substantial impacts on the use of social media opening the door for states to enact their own content moderation laws. It could prove particularly dicey when it comes to freedom of the press online.

Oral arguments have not been set yet.

First Amendment: Murthy v Missouri

The Court will need to decide if the Biden administration violated the First Amendment when asking social media companies to monitor speech online by taking down posts that circulate misinformation.

Respondents claim that the Biden administration actually censored conservative speech when they removed posts containing Covid-19, election integrity and other misinformation.

Oral arguments have not been scheduled yet.

People participate in a rally and march against COVID-19 mandates on September 13, 2021 in New York City. President Joe Biden has supported and ordered mandates for federal workers

(Getty Images)

First Amendment: Lindke v Freed and O’Connor-Ratcliff v Garnier

In these consolidated First Amendment rights cases, the court is being asked to define whether the speech a public official uses on social media to communicate job-related matters is considered state action and if blocking people violates the First Amendment.

In both cases, the petitioners (who are public officials in their respective towns) were sued by residents for blocking them or removing their comments from their Facebook or Twitter pages.

The ruling in this case will set general rules as to how public officials may use social media when communicating about their jobs. If the court rules in favour of the respondents, government and public officials will likely have to completely separate official social media accounts from personal accounts.

Oral arguments occurred on October 31.

First Amendment: National Rifle Association v Vullo

The case is asking if the First Amendment allows for a government official to threaten regulated entities if they conduct business with a subjectively controversial speaker.

The National Rifle Association (NRA) is arguing that Maria Vullo, the former superintendent of the NY Department of Financial Services (DFS), threatened insurers who conducted business with the NRA in a “guidance” note sent in 2018. The “guidance” seemingly alluded to a recent $13m penalty the DFS brought against insurers who participated in a gun-insurer program that provided coverage to people who shoot others – even with criminal intent.

On the surface, the case has to do with speech but it also has implications for the Second Amendment – specifically by upending a law in New York that prevents insurers from selling products that provide protections to people who shoot other people.

Oral arguments have not been set yet

A person wears an NRA hat in front of the US Supreme Court in Washington, DC, on June 21, 2022.

(AFP via Getty Images)

Criminal law: Pulsifer v United States

In this criminal law case, the court is being asked to specify what the word “and” means in a sentencing statute provision of the First Step Act.

The provision allows individuals with nonviolent drug offenses to qualify for shorter sentencing so long as they do not have a lengthy criminal history, prior serious offense and prior violent offense. However, the language makes it unclear if a defendant qualifies for a shorter sentencing so long as they do not meet all three or if they are no longer qualified if they meet any single one.

Though the specificity of the word seems arbitrary it will determine if thousands of defendants in federal person could benefit from shorter sentences.

The court heard arguments on October 2.

Trademark infringement: Vidal v Elster

Justices are being asked to decide if refusing to register a mark that criticises a government official or public figure violates the First Amendment.

The case has to do with Steve Elster’s attempt to register “TRUMP TOO SMALL” so he could sell it on t-shirts. It was rejected because US Patent and Trademark Office claimed he needed the written consent of Donald Trump since it used his last name.

Justices heard arguments on November 1.

A ruling in this case will determine if political speech about a public figure or government official can be trademarked. A decision in favour of Mr Elster would mean people in public official positions could lose some rights to name protections.

Bankruptcy code law: Harrington v Purdue Pharma

The Court is being asked to determine whether bankruptcy law allows for people who aren’t bankrupt to be protected by liability releases.

It stems from the settlement between Purdue Pharma and victims who overdosed due to the company’s opioid drug, OxyContin. Purdue Pharma claimed bankruptcy – but the Sackler family, who owns Purdue Pharma, did not. In the bankruptcy deal, the company agreed to pay victims in exchange for a liability release that shields the family from future civil lawsuits.

A ruling in the case can be consequential for wealthy individuals or companies who are no strangers to using bankruptcy claims to get out of liability suits.

Oral arguments occurred on December 4.

A campaigner holds a tablet container while exterior the US Supreme Court, Washington, DC, USA, 04 December 2023. The US Supreme Court is listening to oral arguments in a chapter case towards Purdue Pharma, the makers of OxyContin


Disability rights: Acheson Hotels LLC v Laufer

In this incapacity rights case, the court docket was requested to find out if an American with Disabilities Act (ADA) “tester” can problem a resort’s failure to supply accessibility data on its web site.

Deborah Laufer, a self-proclaimed ADA “tester”, has introduced lots of of lawsuits towards small lodges across the US for failing to incorporate accessibility data on-line – regardless of not intending to go to most of the lodges.

Acheson Hotels LLC claims that Ms Laufer doesn’t have the appropriate to convey a lawsuit ahead as a result of she wasn’t planning on visiting the resort.

On December 5, justices dismissed the case as moot.