What outcomes after six months of existence for lecturers in ache? | EUROtoday

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“Pcould you change my name? », “We agree that it is anonymous”, “Use only my first name”… The interviews with the lecturers observe each other and are related. Whether they’re certified or licensed, whether or not they educate center faculty, highschool or main faculty, nearly all requested anonymity. And all of them, signatories or not, have a really robust opinion on the educating pact. As if this query couldn't be approached every other approach.

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Established firstly of the 2023 faculty yr, the educating pact is obtainable to National Education employees, particularly main and secondary lecturers. It gives a bonus in trade for missions referred to as “bricks”, carried out exterior class hours. These are available in a number of elements: from short-term replacements to help in arithmetic and French for sixth grade college students, together with assist with homework (“Homework done”), recommendation and steerage monitoring. or the coordination of instructional innovation initiatives.

Each brick is paid as much as 1,250 euros gross yearly for an hourly quantity starting from 18 to 24 hours extra per yr relying on the duties chosen. Thus, a volunteer trainer can signal as much as three bricks generally highschool and 5 in skilled highschool and thus accumulate as much as 3,750 or 6,250 euros gross extra wage per yr. The institutions have an envelope with a number of bricks to distribute in response to their wants. The scenario and missions might subsequently range from one place to a different.

“A teacher in front of each class”?

For the federal government, the target of the pact was clear: to fill short-term absences whereas the query of changing lecturers emerged as one of many main considerations of the Ministry of National Education. Emmanuel Macron thus promised “a teacher in front of each class” when the variety of unreplaced hours had been estimated at 15 million between 2020 and 2021.

Six months later, what number of lecturers have accepted this pact? The query is delicate: to quantify means to measure or not the success of this 1 billion euro system. Contacted, the Ministry of National Education assures “that it has no recent feedback” on the variety of members of the pact or particulars on replacements, and affirms “that it does not want to communicate immediately on the question” – the time, it’s stated, is “the implementation of the “shock of knowledge” and the measures for the subsequent faculty yr”. Last January, Gabriel Attal introduced {that a} third of lecturers had subscribed to it. At the top of February, the SE-Unsa union carried out a survey of three,000 members of National Education employees and famous, on this pattern, round 37% of signatories, together with faculty psychologists and CPEs.

Mixed short-term replacements

Sylvain, a 40-year-old philosophy professor, is among the first signatories. “I'm more in favor of the principle of overtime, so the idea of ​​being able to do more suited me,” he says. And, if there are wants, you may as nicely be useful. » With the short-term alternative block, the trainer has, thus far, labored 15 extra hours out of the 18 deliberate, after a philosophy colleague went on paternity go away. If he’s, on a private stage, “rather satisfied” and considers “to have been lucky to do his 15 hours at once”, he however underlines the “rigidity” of the system as a result of “bricks from 18 to 24 hours “.

However, these short-term replacements will not be accepted by everybody. Worse nonetheless, they’re thought-about “daycare hours” for Nathalie*, who has been educating on the school for nearly twenty years. Indeed, it’s not all the time a query of changing place for place. In different phrases, a professor doesn’t essentially exchange a colleague absent from the identical self-discipline, or from the identical class. Faced with college students they doubtlessly have no idea, some proceed to offer classes of their self-discipline, others present movies or set up actions, for instance. “In this, the pact does not take into account educational continuity since any teacher can replace another,” she notes. And to conclude: “It is a terrible contempt for the profession. This touches on what we do this job for. »

Innovative projects

If the question of replacement is at the heart of the pact, the system also allows some to be paid for projects that they previously carried out on a voluntary basis. “And this is the first time I’ve been paid for this!” » smiles Catherine Grée, 58 years outdated. In her kindergarten class, she put in “a small sensory space” made up of musical devices, objects to the touch and different vivid trinkets to be able to embrace “children with special needs by appealing to the senses”. For her “educational innovation” challenge, the Gironde professor signed “half a brick of pact” and dedicated to writing a report by the top of the yr to judge the effectiveness of her methodology. .

The educating pact additionally pushes sure lecturers to undertake new initiatives, along with their programs. This is the case of Jules*, a 31-year-old arithmetic trainer, who signed 4 bricks at his vocational highschool. “Having no children and being young, I had free time and I wanted more work,” explains this former transformed engineer. Two bricks of 24 hours every enable him to create two golf equipment: one for astronomy and the opposite to assist highschool college students go the aeronautics initiation certificates. He additionally follows ultimate yr college students all yr spherical to assist them with their skilled orientation and gives 18 hours of short-term replacements – “but only if it’s a class that I already have,” he specifies. If he admits to having signed the pact “partly for the remuneration” to be able to complement his wage of two,200 euros web, he explains that he finds “a lot of pleasure in teaching his passions: aeronautics and astronomy”.

Busy schedule

Jules*’s scenario stays distinctive. Because becoming a member of the pact means accepting lots of additional time, the place many lecturers battle to seek out time to perform all of the duties. According to the SE-Unsa report, that is even one of many fundamental causes for refusal: 88% of respondents denounced the “already too much work”. A survey by the Ministry of National Education additionally famous this phenomenon: greater than half of lecturers report working greater than 43 hours per week in 2022, particularly attributable to lesson preparation and correction of copies.

“Work more to earn more”, nevertheless, appears to be the spirit of the educating pact. Designed by Jean-Michel Blanquer, the measure was then carried by Pap Ndiaye throughout his go to to rue de Grenelle. Not with out dealing with the reluctance of the occupation, and the anger of the unions, then in wage negotiations. “It is a logic of “working more to exhaust ourselves more” once we want to enter right into a logic of revalorization”, denounces Sophie Vénétitay, normal secretary of Snes-FSU who all the time requires the “dismantling of the teaching pact”. For her, the system doesn’t discover “its audience”, therefore the “reluctance of the ministry to communicate on the issue”.

Alain, 50, nonetheless stays “very bitter” about the way in which the pact was put in place. “I digested the “communication operation” very, very badly,” he complains. A center and highschool trainer within the Paris area, “unionized with Snes but not active”, he says: “What the ministry wants to tell us is that our work is not worth more than what it is already paid for. »

A salary frustration supported by OECD figures. According to the latest “Education at a Glance” report, French lecturers are paid lower than their European counterparts in a rustic with an equal GDP. And above all their progress is slower. “It takes more years in France to reach the maximum salary,” notes the group. Thus, it takes thirty-five years of expertise for lecturers to maneuver from beginning wage to the best wage in France, in comparison with twenty-five years on common in OECD nations. »

To be or to not be a signatory

In this occupation the place an esprit de corps exists, the pact constitutes a dilemma for probably the most precarious lecturers, and infrequently the youngest. The latter appear torn between defending their standing and the decline of their lifestyle. This phenomenon impacts licensed lecturers as a lot as affiliate professors. And faculty lecturers. This is confirmed by Guislaine David, co-secretary of SNUipp, majority within the first diploma. “There is no possibility of having paid overtime in primary schools, unlike in middle and high schools,” she says. Added to that is the distinction in wage with secondary colleagues. And, as faculty lecturers are predominantly girls, this additionally degrades gender equality. »

“We had to test to know,” observes Aurélie*, faculty trainer. She appreciated her “academic support” part in a university, wherein she “felt useful”. “I think the students found what they were looking for,” she explains. They understood the way it labored, that I used to be there to assist them, so it was good. » Single mom of two daughters, she signed the pact to have the ability to “finance the studies of [son] senior” and says he’s “ready to do it again” if the system continues subsequent yr.

Towards the “contractualization” of missions?

This just isn’t the case for Maurice*, a professor of historical past and geography within the Paris area, who could be very against the pact. A graduate of the École Normale Supérieure, he additionally suffered the complete brunt of a “salary downgrade”. If the trainer cites his bills as causes to take bricks, it’s “out of the question” for him to turn into a signatory. Because “it’s putting our finger in the gears of contractualizing our missions” and “depending on a head of establishment, and no longer on the ministry”.

This can be the opinion of Guillaume, simply aggregated. This highschool trainer sees, within the pact, a approach of “breaking what remains of the esprit de corps” of the occupation. He explains: “This pact would move us from a career civil service to a mission-based civil service, that is to say a profession based on the task and depending on the establishments. » The young man thus believes that the system “comes up against the real attachment of colleagues to National Education”. An attachment that many lecturers additionally shared through the interviews.