What is contained within the ICC arrest warrant request in opposition to Hamas and Netanyahu | EUROtoday

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IThey are accused of conflict crimes and crimes in opposition to humanity. International Criminal Court Prosecutor Karim Khan has requested arrest warrants for Israeli leaders, together with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in addition to a number of from Hamas, for crimes dedicated throughout and after the October 7 terrorist assault within the Jewish state and through reprisals within the Gaza Strip.

Here are the important thing factors of the accusations made by Karim Khan in opposition to the 2 events, following which France introduced its help for the work of the ICC.

Hamas: hostage taking, sexual violence…

Regarding Hamas, the fees are in opposition to Yahya Sinouar, chief of the motion within the Gaza Strip and alleged mastermind of the October 7 assault, Ismaïl Haniyeh, who could be described because the chief of Hamas, and Mohammed Deif, who leads the armed wing of Hamas.

The conflict crimes fees embody hostage-taking, merciless remedy and outrages upon private dignity. Charges of crimes in opposition to humanity embody extermination, homicide, rape and different acts of sexual violence, torture and different inhumane acts.

Karim Khan accuses the three males of being “criminally responsible for the murder of hundreds of Israeli civilians in attacks perpetrated by Hamas […] and other armed groups on October 7, 2023 and the taking of at least 245 hostages.” They “planned and instigated” the October 7 assaults, he added.

READ ALSO Hamas assaults in opposition to Israel: what authorized qualification? For the prosecutor, there are cheap grounds to imagine that “Israeli hostages were held in inhumane conditions and that some were victims of sexual violence, including rape, during their detention.”

Investigations are persevering with into allegations of sexual violence dedicated on October 7, he stated, earlier than reiterating his name for the “immediate release of all hostages”.

Israel: “intentional” assaults in opposition to civilians

Concerning Israel, the accusations are introduced in opposition to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Yoav Gallant. War crimes fees embody: intentionally ravenous civilians as a technique of warfare, deliberately inflicting nice struggling or critical hurt to physique or well being, willfully killing or murdering, and deliberately directing assaults. in opposition to a civilian inhabitants.

READ ALSO In Gaza, Hamas hostages victims of rape and sexual abuseCharges of crimes in opposition to humanity embody: extermination, homicide, together with within the context of deaths attributable to famine, persecution and “other inhumane acts.” These alleged crimes had been dedicated “as part of a widespread and systematic attack against the Palestinian civilian population in accordance with state policy,” the prosecutor stated.

“These crimes, we believe, continue today,” he added.

Israel accused of obstructing humanitarian support

Karim Khan stated the proof gathered demonstrates that Israel has “intentionally and systematically deprived the civilian population in all areas of Gaza of items essential for human survival.”

This is because of what the prosecutor known as a “total siege of Gaza” in addition to “other attacks on civilians, including those queuing for food.” He additionally cited “obstruction of aid delivery” and “attacks and killings of aid workers.”

These acts had been dedicated “as part of a common plan to use starvation as a method of warfare”, the consequences of that are “acute, visible and widely known”, in response to Karim Khan.

“Israel, like all states, has the right to act to defend its population,” he additionally careworn. And continues: “This right does not, however, exempt Israel or any other State from its obligation to respect international humanitarian law. » “Regardless of its military objectives, the means that Israel has chosen to achieve them in Gaza […] are criminals. »

Finally, the prosecutor said that ICC judges would be “the sole arbiters of whether the standards necessary for issuing arrest warrants have been respected.” He additionally assured that he wouldn’t hesitate to request different mandates if obligatory.