From the dissolution of the National Assembly to the legislative elections: what’s going to occur? | EUROtoday

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Emmanuel Macron introduced on Sunday June 9 the dissolution of the National Assembly after the overwhelming victory of the far proper within the European elections. Date of the elections, circumstances of the marketing campaign, suspension of legislative work… Here is what you might want to learn about this political maneuver, unprecedented since 1997.

Behind the scenes, he promised an announcement that will make folks neglect the outcomes of the European elections. Emmanuel Macron reacted to the very massive victory of the far-right within the European elections by taking a dangerous determination on Sunday June 9: the dissolution of the National Assembly.

“This is not a good result for the parties defending Europe. […] I therefore cannot act as if nothing had happened,” Emmanuel Macron stated in his speech on Sunday.

His resolution: a return to the polls to elect new deputies. “An essential time for clarification”, in accordance with the President of the Republic.

Definition, voting dates, marketing campaign circumstances… France 24 takes inventory of the upcoming early legislative elections.

Read additionallyIn France, Emmanuel Macron chooses dissolution within the face of the historic results of the far proper

• What is a dissolution ?

According to article 12 of the Constitution, “the President of the Republic may, after consultation with the Prime Minister and the Presidents of the Assemblies, pronounce the dissolution of the National Assembly”.

This determination by the Head of State results in early legislative elections, the primary since 1997, to redraw the composition of the French National Assembly.

The determination was to not the liking of the President of the National Assembly, Yaël Braun-Pivet, though she comes from the identical occasion as Emmanuel Macron: “There was another path than that of dissolution,” he stated. -she stated the day after the announcement, speaking about potential “agreements” and “coalitions”.

“We are in the spirit of article 12, which provides for dissolution in the event of a 'fact' or a 'major political crisis'”, believes political scientist Jean Petaux: “Emmanuel Macron 'takes his risk' and makes the French judges of an unprecedented political situation.”

When will the vote happen ?

Article 12 specifies that “general elections take place at least twenty days and forty days at most after the dissolution”.

Read additionallyThe dissolution of the Assembly, pronounced six occasions underneath the Fifth Republic

During his speech, Emmanuel Macron indicated the chosen dates: June 30 for the primary spherical and July 7 for the second, in the beginning of the college holidays and fewer than three weeks earlier than the Olympic Games.

How will the marketing campaign unfold? ?

In these circumstances, the electoral marketing campaign can be categorical. French electoral guidelines point out that the “official” electoral marketing campaign opens from the second Monday earlier than polling day, due to this fact June 17.

In idea, any outgoing MP can run once more if they want and if their occasion nominates them. If the deadline for submitting candidacies will not be but identified, the race towards time has already begun for the events who will attempt to nominate a candidate within the 577 electoral constituencies in France.

“Emmanuel Macron chose the shortest deadline. Concretely, that means a very short deadline to print leaflets, form coalitions,” remembers Julie Dungelhoeff, journalist at France 24. “It can be an actual race towards the watch.”

The huge winner of the European vote, the far proper, says it’s prepared for the legislative elections: The National Rally is “ready to exercise power”, stated Marine Le Pen on Sunday, who tasked Jordan Bardella with main the marketing campaign even when he is not going to be a candidate for deputy.

Read additionallyJordan Bardella, the asset of the French far proper

On the presidential occasion aspect, Stéphane Séjourné, Minister of Foreign Affairs and boss of the Renaissance occasion, launched a name “for the mobilization of all republican forces”.

What will the left do, which, in 2022, had 151 deputies within the National Assembly because of the Nupes alliance which imploded within the fall?

“We are going to campaign to go to Matignon,” launched LFI coordinator Manuel Bompard, in favor of continuous the “rally process started” in 2022.

Read additionallyFor the left, the dissolution of the National Assembly places the query of union again on the desk

But resentments die exhausting. Manuel Bompard additionally accused the Socialist Party of getting “turned its back” on this alliance, whereas Olivier Faure, the primary socialist secretary, estimated that “a balance of power has evolved” between the left-wing events after the Europeans, the place the checklist led by Raphaël Glucksmann handed in entrance of that of Manon Aubry.

What occurs to ongoing legislative work ?

The dissolution pronounced by the President of the Republic has the impact of interrupting the peculiar session of the National Assembly. All present legislative work is due to this fact deserted.

A suspension of which the invoice on the tip of life is notably the sufferer, which was to complete its examination subsequent week, on the Palais Bourbon.

“The entire program is canceled. It's a bit of a blow. Nobody saw the blow coming,” a parliamentary supply informed AFP.

Parliamentary work might be resumed underneath the next mandate supplied that the federal government presents it to the brand new meeting. They then begin from scratch within the parliamentary shuttle.

Does France nonetheless have a authorities ?

Despite the dissolution, the federal government of Gabriel Attal stays in place for the second and the ministers handle present affairs. They will hold their portfolios till the day after the legislative elections, i.e. July 8, earlier than resigning.

Read additionallyUnderstanding the French legislative elections in six questions

Emmanuel Macron will then need to appoint a brand new Prime Minister, from the bulk occasion or coalition within the National Assembly. If his camp wins, nothing will stop him from appointing Gabriel Attal once more. However, if the National Assembly doesn’t have the identical political shade because the Head of State, we are going to then have a scenario of cohabitation for the primary time since 1997, when President Jacques Chirac, from the RPR, needed to share energy with socialist Prime Minister Lionel Jospin.

And if the outcome nonetheless doesn’t swimsuit Emmanuel Macron, he won’t be able to dissolve the National Assembly once more. Article 12 supplies that “a new dissolution cannot be carried out in the year following these elections”.